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Arabidopsis WRKY proteins comprise a family of plant specific zinc-finger-type transcription factors involved in the regulation of gene expression during pathogen defense, wounding, trichome development, and senescence. To understand the regulatory role of the senescence-related WRKY53 factor, we identified target genes of this transcription factor by a(More)
Oxygen free radicals are thought to play an essential role in senescence, especially those derived from peroxisomes. Therefore, the activities of different isoforms of the peroxisomal hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-scavenging enzyme catalase (CAT) were analysed during senescence of Arabidopsis. CAT2 activity decreased with bolting time parallel with cytosolic(More)
In plants, besides being the final step leading to the death of the whole organism, senescence has a developmental function involving the coordinated degradation of macromolecules and the mobilization of nutrients out of senescing tissues into developing parts of the plant. Free radicals are thought to play an essential role in senescence, especially those(More)
BACKGROUND Cross-sectional findings in community surveys of adults suggest that adolescent anxiety disorders are strong predictors of the subsequent onset of alcohol use, abuse and dependence. However, prospective data that follow a sample of adolescents into adulthood are needed to confirm these associations. METHOD Baseline and 4-year follow-up data(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is discussed as being a signaling molecule in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) leaf senescence. Intracellular H(2)O(2) levels are controlled by the H(2)O(2)-scavenging enzyme catalase in concert with other scavenging and producing systems. Catalases are encoded by a small gene family, and the expression of all three(More)
Information processing is a cognitive trait forming the basis of complex abilities like executive function. The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a well-established test of information processing with moderate to high heritability. Age of the individual also plays an important role. A number of genetic association studies with the TMT have been performed, which,(More)
Innate immunity is critically dependent on the rapid production of interferon in response to intruding viruses. The intracellular pathogen recognition receptors RIG-I and MDA5 are essential for interferon induction by viral RNAs containing 5' triphosphates or double-stranded structures, respectively. Viruses with a negative-stranded RNA genome are an(More)
BACKGROUND Whereas the role of externalizing disorders is relatively well established in predicting the onset of cannabis use (CU) or cannabis use disorder (CUD), the status of anxiety and mood disorders in predicting CU and CUD remains controversial. OBJECTIVE (1) To examine cross-sectional and prospective associations of CU and CUD with a range of(More)
High virulence of influenza virus A/Puerto Rico/8/34 in mice carrying the Mx1 resistance gene was recently shown to be determined by the viral surface proteins and the viral polymerase. Here, we demonstrated high-level polymerase activity in mammalian host cells but not avian host cells and investigated which mutations in the polymerase subunits PB1, PB2,(More)
Host restriction factors play a crucial role in preventing trans-species transmission of viral pathogens. In mammals, the interferon-induced Mx GTPases are powerful antiviral proteins restricting orthomyxoviruses. Hence, the human MxA GTPase may function as an efficient barrier against zoonotic introduction of influenza A viruses into the human population.(More)