Petra Winkler

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OBJECTIVE Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) showed a wide range of beneficial biological effects with relevance for cardiovascular health in animal models and humans. Most human studies used olive oil as a reference. This study assessed the effect of CLA as compared with safflower oil on endothelial function and markers of cardiovascular risk in overweight and(More)
Mucosal surfaces represent the main sites in which environmental microorganisms and antigens interact with the host. In particular the intestinal mucosal surfaces are in continuous contact with a heterogeneous population of microorganisms of the endogenous flora and are exposed to food and microbes. As a result, the immune system of the host has to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The polyphenol quercetin may prevent cardiovascular diseases due to its vasorelaxant and anti-oxidative properties. We investigated the effects of quercetin on risk factors of atherosclerosis, biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress, depending on the apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype. METHODS AND RESULTS In a double-blind(More)
Among the factors potentially involved in the increased prevalence of allergic diseases, modification of the intestinal flora or lack of microbial exposure during childhood has been proposed. T(H)2-cytokines increase the production of IgE and stimulate mast cells and eosinophils, whereas T(H)1-cytokines, such as IFN-gamma, may suppress IgE synthesis and(More)
To investigate the effect of long-term consumption of probiotic bacteria on viral respiratory tract infections (common cold, influenza), a randomized, double blind, controlled intervention study was performed during two winter/spring periods (3 and 5 month). Four hundred and seventy-nine healthy adults were supplemented daily with vitamins plus minerals(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate whether the consumption of Lactobacillus gasseri PA 16/8, Bifidobacterium longum SP 07/3, B. bifidum MF 20/5 (5 x 10(7) cfu/tablet) during at least 3 months influences the severity of symptoms and the incidence and duration of the common cold. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
Objective: To investigate whether antioxidant polyphenols from fruit juices or a fruit–vegetable-concentrate increase the plasma antioxidant capacity in HIV-infected and healthy subjects.Design: Twenty-three HIV-seropositive and 18 seronegative adults were randomized to ingest either 1 l of fruit juice or 30 ml fruit–vegetable-concentrate per day over 16(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a key regulator in adipose tissue. The rare variant Pro12Ala of PPARγ2 is associated with a decreased risk of insulin resistance. Being dietary PPARγ ligands, conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) received considerable attention because of their effects on body composition, cancer, atherosclerosis, diabetes,(More)
In order to study the lineage leading to chondrocyte and osteoblast phenotype in vertebrate development, we examined the effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, BMP-4, BMP-12 [or growth and differentiation factor (GDF)-7], and BMP-13 (or GDF-6) on the phenotypic expression of the mouse chondrocyte cell line MC615, grown for 1 or 2(More)
Objective: We investigated whether ingestion of polyphenols from fruit juices or a fruit-vegetable-concentrate affects lymphocyte proliferation and apoptosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive (HIV+) and HIV-seronegative (HIV−) subjects.Design: Randomized, prospective pilot intervention study.Setting: University of Bonn, Department of(More)