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We have followed the fate of cell surface insulin receptors in isolated rat hepatocytes by both a biochemical and a morphological approach. Hepatocytes were labeled with the photoreactive and biologically active 125I-labeled insulin analogue, [2-nitro-4-azidophenylacetylB2]des-PheB1-insulin, under conditions that allow for minimal internalization (2 hr at(More)
There is morphological and biochemical evidence that insulin is internalized in hepatocytes. The present study was designed to investigate the fate of the insulin receptor itself, subsequently to the initial binding step of the hormone to the hepatocyte plasma membrane. The insulin receptor was labeled with a 125I-photoreactive insulin analogue(More)
BACKGROUND Modulation of T-cell differentiation, which is controlled by dendritic cells (DCs), plays a crucial role in specific immunotherapy (SIT). However, the number and the characteristics of blood DCs before and during immunotherapy are unknown. OBJECTIVE To analyze the number and the characteristics of blood DC subsets in patients with Hymenoptera(More)
BACKGROUND Dendritic cells (DCs) play a key role in the host defence against inhaled pathogens. However, the phenotype of blood DCs in patients with acute respiratory infections is unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate the number and the expression of function-associated molecules of blood DCs in patients with acute infectious pneumonia. METHODS Sixteen(More)
We have studied the functional and structural characteristics of insulin receptors on cultured rat hypothalamic cells. The receptors on these cells are specific for insulin, but have a lower binding affinity than that measured in nonneuronal tissues. Neither acute (2-h) nor long term (24-h) exposure of the hypothalamic cells to high insulin concentrations(More)
The first step of insulin's many cellular functions is specific binding to receptors on the plasma membrane of target cells. The subsequent molecular basis of insulin action, particularly the coupling mechanism(s) involved in transmitting the biological message, remains largely unknown. Our approach to the problem centres on the application of a series of(More)
Human little gastrin-I is known to exhibit a high tendency to air-oxidation of its methionine-15 residue to the corresponding S-oxide derivative, with concomitant loss of biological activity. Since its leucine-15 analog, even if fully biologically active, differs significantly from the parent hormone in the immunological properties, the norleucine-15 and(More)
The syntheses of two analogues related to the C-terminal nonapeptide amide sequence 25-33 of cholecystokinin-pankreozymin are described. Based on the primary structure of the CCK-PZ-active caerulein and the experiences gained from the methionine replacement with leucine or norleucine in human little gastrin I, the analogues were designed by substituting(More)