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Cholecystokinin (CCK) is an early marker of both neuronal and endocrine cell lineages in the developing gastrointestinal tract. To determine the quantitative properties and the spatial distribution of the CCK-expressing myenteric neurones in early postnatal life, a transgenic mouse strain with a CCK promoter-driven red fluorescent protein (DsRedT3/CCK) was(More)
AIM To study the cell-type specific subcellular distribution of the three isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the rat duodenum. METHODS Postembedding immunoelectronmicroscopy was performed, in which primary antibodies for neuronal NOS (nNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS), and inducible NOS (iNOS), were visualized with protein A-gold-conjugated secondary(More)
Nitrergic myenteric neurons are especially susceptible to the development of neuropathy in functional gastrointestinal disorders. Investigations of the similarities and dissimilarities in the organization of nitrergic neurons in the various mammalian species are therefore important in an effort to determine the extent to which the results obtained in(More)
The aim of this study was to map the microbiota distribution along the gut and establish whether colon/faecal samples from diabetic rats adequately reflect the diabetic alterations in the microbiome. Streptozotocin-treated rats were used to model type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). Segments of the duodenum, ileum and colon were dissected, and the microbiome of(More)
OBJECTIVE Damage in the capillaries supplying the MP has been proposed as a critical factor in the development of diabetic enteric neuropathy. We therefore investigated connections between STZ-induced diabetes and the BM morphology, the size of caveolar compartments, the width of TJs, the transport of albumin, and the quantitative features of Cav-1 and eNOS(More)
As Kupffer cells are highly involved in the regulation of hepatic inflammatory response, the main goal of this study was to improve and to characterize a hepatocyte-Kupffer cell co-culture of pig origin for modelling endotoxin-induced hepatic inflammation and for testing the efficacy of potential anti-inflammatory substances. This monolayer co-culture was(More)
We recently provided evidence of cell-type-specific differences in the subcellular distributions of the three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms in the myenteric neurons, enteric smooth muscle cells and the capillary endothelium of the rat duodenum. We hypothesized that the presence of three NOS isoforms in the same type of cells with differences in(More)
AIM To develop a new rat model we wanted to gain a better understanding of stricture formation in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS Chronic colitis was induced locally by the administration of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS). The relapsing inflammation characteristic to CD was mimicked by repeated TNBS treatments. Animals were randomly divided into(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the number of L-type calcium (Ca2+) channels in the afferent and efferent arteriolar renin-positive and renin-negative smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells of the kidney arterioles in order to seek a relationship between the cell functions and the number of ion channels in the cell membranes. STUDY DESIGN In diabetes the main(More)
AIM To establish a rat model suitable to investigate the repetitive relapsing inflammations (RRI) characteristic to Crohn's disease. METHODS Colitis was induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS). RRI were mimicked by repeating administrations of TNBS. Tissue samples were taken from control, once, twice and three times treated rats from the(More)