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Viral infections, especially those with noroviruses are the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in Europe. To obtain information about the epidemic situation of noroviruses in Switzerland, an initial study was launched in the German-speaking part of the country to systematically compile Norovirus outbreak information between 2001 and 2003. In total,(More)
To determine the frequency of sporadic community-acquired Norovirus (NV) infection in the German-speaking part of Switzerland, an evaluation of gastroenteritis cases seen in physicians’ practices between July 2001 and July 2003 was conducted. A total of 699 stool specimens documented to be free of common bacterial pathogens was screened for the presence of(More)
Reported here is an outbreak of gastroenteritis due to Norovirus infection that affected at least 450 persons from nursing homes and similar institutions in Switzerland during and after an organised pilgrimage to Lourdes in France. The outbreak was characteristic of direct person-to-person transmission, with the primary cases occurring in the hospital that(More)
Hantaviruses, Leptospira spp., and Babesia spp. are rodent-borne pathogens present worldwide. We studied multiple co-infections of small rodents in Croatia with all three pathogens. Twenty-eight Apodemus flavicollis and 16 Myodes glareolus were tested for the presence of hantavirus RNA by real-time RT-PCR, Leptospira strains by renoculture method and(More)
Viral infections, particularly those caused by noroviruses (NV, genus Norovirus), are the most common cause of community-acquired gastroenteritis in Europe, with respect to both endemic and epidemic occurrence. For the first time, a general practitioner-based case-control study was performed between July 2001 and July 2003 in the German-speaking part of(More)
The type of emergency treatment administered to patients with suspected variceal bleeding is important, as the episode is associated with a high mortality rate. Moreover, rebleeding is common during the first few days after the initial haemorrhage. Several techniques are available to control variceal haemorrhage including pharmacotherapy (vasopressin,(More)
In a study to estimate the frequency of Cryptosporidium infections in Switzerland, stool samples from patients found to be positive for Cryptosporidium spp. by modified Ziehl-Neelson staining and fluorescence microscopy were used for genotyping experiments. With 9 of 12 samples, DNA extraction and subsequent genotyping was successful. All(More)
Croatia is a focus for many rodent-borne zoonosis. Here, we report a survey of 242 rodents and small mammals, including 43 Myodes glareolus, 131 Apodemus flavicollis, 53 Apodemus agrarius, three Apodemus sylvaticus, six Sorex araneus, four Microtus arvalis, one Microtus agrestis, and one Muscardinus avellanarius, collected at eight sites in Croatia over an(More)
In Croatia, several rodent- and vector-borne agents are endemic and of medical importance. In this study, we investigated hantaviruses and, for the first time, tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) and Rickettsia spp. in small wild rodents from two different sites (mountainous and lowland region) in Croatia. In total, 194 transudate and tissue samples from(More)
Introduction Recent international studies have shown that viral infections, especially noroviruses (NV) (former name " Norwalk-like viruses ") are the most frequent cause of gastroenteritis in the community regarding the endemic and the epidemic situation (1–6). These viruses account for an estimated 6% and 11% of all infectious intestinal diseases in(More)