Learn More
Angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from NAD(P)H oxidases. The upstream signaling mechanisms by which Ang II activates these oxidases are unclear but may include protein kinase C, tyrosine kinases, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, and Rac, a small molecular weight(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in coronary collateral growth (CCG). We evaluated the requirement for ROS in human coronary artery endothelial cell (HCAEC) tube formation, CCG in vivo, and signaling (p38 MAP kinase) by which ROS may stimulate vascular growth. The flavin-containing oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) or the superoxide(More)
Smooth muscle cell migration in response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a key event in several vascular pathologies, including atherosclerosis and restenosis. PDGF increases intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), but the ROS sensitivity of migration and of the signaling pathways leading to(More)
Angiotensin II has been shown to participate in both physiological processes, such as sodium and water homeostasis and vascular contraction, and pathophysiological processes, including atherosclerosis and hypertension. The effects of this molecule on vascular tissue are mediated at least in part by the modification of the redox milieu of its target cells.(More)
The metabolic syndrome affects 30% of the US population with increasing prevalence. In this paper, we explore the relationship between the metabolic syndrome and the incidence and severity of cardiovascular disease in general and coronary artery disease (CAD) in particular. Furthermore, we look at the impact of metabolic syndrome on outcomes of coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE Transient, repetitive occlusion stimulates coronary collateral growth (CCG) in normal animals. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) switch to synthetic phenotype early in CCG, then return to contractile phenotype. CCG is impaired in the metabolic syndrome. We determined whether impaired CCG was attributable to aberrant VSMC phenotypic modulation(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously found abrogated ischemia-induced coronary collateral growth in Zucker obese fatty (ZOF) rats compared with Zucker lean (ZLN) rats. Because ZOF rats have structural abnormalities in their mitochondria suggesting dysfunction and also show increased production of O(2), we hypothesized that mitochondrial dysfunction caused by(More)
We have observed that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the dismutated product of superoxide, is a coronary metabolic dilator and couples myocardial oxygen consumption to coronary blood flow. Because the chemical activity of H2O2 favors its role as an oxidant, and thiol groups are susceptible to oxidation, we hypothesized that coronary metabolic dilation occurs via(More)
Translation initiation, the rate-limiting step in protein synthesis, is a key event in vascular smooth muscle cell growth, a major component of vascular disease. Translation initiation is regulated by interaction between PHAS-I and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E). Although angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced vascular smooth muscle cell hypertrophy(More)