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Little is known about the decomposition rates of shoot and root residues of perennial grasses. This knowledge is important to estimate the carbon sequestration potential of the grasses. An incubation experiment was carried out in a sandy clay loam with shoot and root residues of three native perennial grasses (Wallaby grass, Stipa sp. and Kangaroo grass)(More)
Phytases are a group of enzymes capable of releasing phosphate from phytate, one of the most abundant forms of organic phosphate in the natural environment. Phytases can be found in many organisms; in bacteria, they are particularly described in g-proteobacteria. In recent years, bacterial phytases have been isolated, characterized and proposed as potential(More)
The effects of agronomic management practices on the soil microbial community were investigated in a maize production system in New South Wales, Australia. The site has been intensively studied to measure the impact of stubble management and N-fertilizer application on greenhouse gas emissions (CO(2) and N(2)O), N-cycling, pathology, soil structure and(More)
Anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and biosolids was carried out in sequential batch and single-stage batch systems in four treatments. Methane yield, which was used as a functional process parameter, differed between treatments, with the single-stage batch system generating lower volumes than the sequential batch systems. Volatile fatty acid (VFA)(More)
In soils with low P availability, several legumes have been shown to mobilise less labile P pools and a greater capacity to take up P than cereals. But there is little information about the size of various soil P pools in the rhizosphere of legumes in soil fertilised with P although P fertiliser is often added to legumes to improve N2 fixation. The aim of(More)
Phosphorus and nitrogen availability and forms are affected by soil properties as well as by plant species and further modulated by soil microbes. Additionally, close contact of the roots of two plant species may affect concentrations and forms of N and P. The aim of this study was to assess properties related to N and P cycling in the rhizosphere of wheat(More)
Phosphorus (P) deficiency is wide-spread in agricultural soils. In light of increasing P fertilizer costs, it is of interest to assess the capacity of soil microbes to mobilise native soil P and added P. There is currently no method to assess P mobilisation in situ. The soil P mobilisation potential was assessed by incubating low P soil for up to 30 days(More)
Legume pre-crops may increase P uptake of the following wheat, but the mechanisms behind this effect are unclear. A rotation study was carried out to assess the concentrations of rhizosphere P pools of three grain legumes and wheat (phase 1) and their effects on P uptake and P pools in the rhizosphere of the following wheat (phase 2). Faba bean, chickpea,(More)
Legumes have been shown to increase P uptake of the following cereal, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of legume pre-crops and their residues on the growth, P uptake and size of soil P pools in the rhizosphere of the following wheat. Three grain legumes (faba bean, chickpea and white lupin) were(More)
Crop nutrition is frequently inadequate as a result of the expansion of cropping into marginal lands, elevated crop yields placing increasing demands on soil nutrient reserves, and environmental and economic concerns about applying fertilizers. Plants exposed to nutrient deficiency activate a range of mechanisms that result in increased nutrient(More)