Learn More
BACKGROUND Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) hypercholesterolemia, and its associated cardiovascular diseases, are some of the leading causes of death worldwide. The ability of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) to modulate circulating LDL cholesterol (LDLc) concentrations made it a very attractive target for LDLc management. To date, the most(More)
Among the different subsets of dendritic cells (DC) described in humans and mice, epidermal Langerhans cells and dermal DCs represent the only DC populations resident in normal skin. In this study we describe a population of CD4(+)CD3(-) plasmacytoid DC (pDC)-like cells that accumulate in the dermis and spleens of mice topically treated with imiquimod, a(More)
DNA vaccines can induce impressive specific cellular immune response (IR) when taking advantage of their recognition as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP) through Toll-like receptors (TLR) expressed on/in cells of the innate immune system. Among the many types of PAMP, immunostimulatory DNA, so-called CpG motifs, was shown to interact(More)
The s.c injection of tumor Ag-derived, MHC class I-binding peptides together with cationic poly-amino acids (e.g., poly-L-arginine; pR) has been shown to protect animals against a challenge with tumor cells expressing the respective peptide(s). Given our only restricted knowledge about immunogenic tumor-associated peptides, we sought to determine whether(More)
Using the differentiation antigen Pmel17/gp100 to genetically immunize C57BL/6 mice (H-2(b)), we and colleagues noticed that only mice that had received the human homolog but not animals injected with the murine counterpart were protected against the growth of syngeneic B16 melanoma cells. The goal of this study was to determine whether the state of(More)
Depending on the cellular and molecular microenvironment, immune responses generated by skin-associated lymphoid tissues can lead to protective immunity against pathogens or to tolerance. In this study, we investigated immune responses to an Ag expressed de novo in adult skin under homeostatic conditions by generating transgenic mice producing the Ag Ova in(More)
Subcutaneous injection of GM-CSF-expressing cancer cells into experimental animals results in protective cancer immunity. To delineate the mode of action of such vaccines, we used trinitrophenyl, the antigenic moiety of the contact allergen trinitrochlorobenzene, as surrogate Ag. Trinitrophenyl-derivatized bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were found to(More)
Although data suggest that multihospital systems are growing rapidly, more in-depth investigation is necessary to truly monitor the success of the systems approach. Cost effectiveness, quality of services and access are major factors in determining if the trend toward systems configurations should be encouraged or discouraged.