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There is a new generation of emoticons, called emojis, that is increasingly being used in mobile communications and social media. In the past two years, over ten billion emojis were used on Twitter. Emojis are Unicode graphic symbols, used as a shorthand to express concepts and ideas. In contrast to the small number of well-known emoticons that carry clear(More)
This paper gives a survey of contrast set mining (CSM), emerging pattern mining (EPM), and subgroup discovery (SD) in a unifying framework named supervised descriptive rule discovery. While all these research areas aim at discovering patterns in the form of rules induced from labeled data, they use different terminology and task definitions, claim to have(More)
With the increasing pace of new Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) authorized or in pipeline for commercialization worldwide, the task of the laboratories in charge to test the compliance of food, feed or seed samples with their relevant regulations became difficult and costly. Many of them have already adopted the so called "matrix approach" to(More)
The task addressed and the method proposed in this paper aim at improved understanding of differences between similar diseases. In particular we address the problem of distinguishing between thrombolic brain stroke and embolic brain stroke as an application of our approach of contrast set mining through subgroup discovery. We describe method-ological(More)
According to the World Economic Forum, the diffusion of unsubstantiated rumors on online social media is one of the main threats for our society. The disintermediated paradigm of content production and consumption on online social media might foster the formation of homogeneous communities (echo-chambers) around specific worldviews. Such a scenario has been(More)
BACKGROUND In experimental data analysis, bioinformatics researchers increasingly rely on tools that enable the composition and reuse of scientific workflows. The utility of current bioinformatics workflow environments can be significantly increased by offering advanced data mining services as workflow components. Such services can support, for instance,(More)
With the expanding of the Semantic Web and the availability of numerous ontologies which provide domain background knowledge and semantic descriptors to the data, the amount of semantic data is rapidly growing. The data mining community is faced with a paradigm shift: instead of mining the abundance of empirical data supported by the background knowledge,(More)
The paper presents an approach to computational knowledge discovery through the mechanism of bisociation. Bisociative reasoning is at the heart of creative, accidental discovery (e.g., serendipity), and is focused on finding unexpected links by crossing contexts. Contextu-alization and linking between highly diverse and distributed data and knowledge(More)
Contrast set mining aims at finding differences between different groups. This paper shows that a contrast set mining task can be transformed to a subgroup discovery task whose goal is to find descriptions of groups of individuals with unusual distributional characteristics with respect to the given property of interest. The proposed approach to contrast(More)