Petra Korpisalo

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BACKGROUND New revascularization therapies are urgently needed for patients with severe coronary heart disease who lack conventional treatment options. METHODS AND RESULTS We describe a new proangiogenic approach for these no-option patients using adenoviral (Ad) intramyocardial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-B186 gene transfer, which induces(More)
Therapeutic angiogenesis provides a potential alternative for the treatment of cardiovascular ischemic diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important component of the angiogenic response to ischemia. Here we used adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene delivery to skeletal muscle to examine the effects of VEGF vs. a stabilized form of(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor-B (VEGF-B) binds to VEGF receptor-1 and neuropilin-1 and is abundantly expressed in the heart, skeletal muscle, and brown fat. The biological function of VEGF-B is incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS Unlike placenta growth factor, which binds to the same receptors, adeno-associated viral delivery of(More)
Angiogenic therapy, which involves the use of an exogenous stimulus to promote blood vessel growth, is an attractive approach for the treatment of ischemic diseases. It has been shown in animal models that the stimulation of blood vessel growth leads to the growth of the whole vascular tree, improvement of ischemic tissue perfusion and improved muscle(More)
Herein, we report the use of biodegradable nanoparticles (NPs) containing perfluoro-1,5-crown ether (PFCE), a fluorine-based compound (NP170-PFCE) with the capacity to track cells in vivo by magnetic ressonance imaging (MRI) and efficiently release miRNA. NP170-PFCE complexed with miRNAs accumulate whitin the cell's endolysosomal compartment and interact(More)
BACKGROUND For clinically relevant proangiogenic therapy, it would be essential that the growth of the whole vascular tree is promoted. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is well known to induce angiogenesis, but its capability to promote growth of larger vessels is controversial. We hypothesized that blood flow remodels vascular growth during VEGF(More)
Vessel stabilization and the inhibition of side effects such as tissue edema are essential in angiogenic gene therapy. Thus, combination gene transfers stimulating both endothelial cell and pericyte proliferation have become of interest. However, there is currently little data to support combination gene transfer in large animal models. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular patients suffer from reduced blood flow leading to ischaemia and impaired tissue metabolism. Unfortunately, an increasing group of elderly patients cannot be treated with current revascularization methods. Thus, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) upregulate the expression of angiogenic(More)
RATIONALE We studied a possibility that shRNAs can lead to transcriptional gene activation at the promoter level via epigenetic mechanism. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test the effects on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) expression by promoter targeted small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) in vitro and in experimental animals in vivo using(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of contrast pulse sequence (CPS) ultrasound imaging for high-resolution perfusion imaging after gene transfer (GT) for therapeutic angiogenesis. BACKGROUND Imaging modalities capable of accurate and feasible perfusion measurement are essential for the preclinical and clinical development of(More)