Petra Kochová

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Although growth and morphogenesis are controlled by genetics, physical shape change in plant tissue results from a balance between cell wall loosening and intracellular pressure. Despite recent work demonstrating a role for mechanical signals in morphogenesis, precise measurement of mechanical properties at the individual cell level remains a technical(More)
Collagen/hydroxyapatite (HA) composite scaffolds are known to be suitable scaffolds for seeding with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiated into osteoblasts and for the in vitro production of artificial bones. However, the optimal collagen/HA ratio remains unclear. Our study confirmed that a higher collagen content increased scaffold stiffness but(More)
AIMS This work focuses on the morphological and mechanical changes in the wall of the subrenal aorta in rats suffering from arterial hypertension and chronic renal failure induced by subtotal nephrectomy (NX). METHODS The quantitative structural parameters were assessed using stereological methods. The mechanical properties were determined using uniaxial(More)
The orientation of vascular smooth muscle cells of porcine aortae was assessed to test the widely accepted assumption that these smooth muscle cells are arranged in two helices. We used tangential histological sections of 82 samples of five anatomical segments of thoracic and abdominal porcine aortae and three age groups in animals ranging in age from 5 to(More)
Recent research regarding saphenous vasa vasorum (VV) has focused on two main topics: the VV during varicogenesis in chronic venous insufficiency and the VV in saphenous grafts used in reconstructive vascular surgery. Our aim has been (i) to establish a technique for the histological quantification of the VV in human varicose great and small saphenous veins(More)
OBJECTIVES We prepared 3D poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanofibre scaffolds and tested their use for seeding, proliferation, differentiation and migration of mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS 3D nanofibres were prepared using a special collector for common electrospinning; simultaneously, a 2D PCL nanofibre layer was prepared using a(More)
A three-dimensional scaffold of type I collagen and hydroxyapatite enriched with polycaprolactone nanofibers (Coll/HA/PCL), autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in osteogenic media, and thrombocyte-rich solution (TRS) was an optimal implant for bone regeneration in vivo in white rabbits. Nanofibers optimized the viscoelastic properties of the Coll/HA(More)
Three-dimensional analyses of the spatial arrangement, spatial orientation and preferential directions of systems of fibers are frequent tasks in many scientific fields, including the textile industry, plant biology and tissue modeling. In biology, systems of oriented and branching lines are often used to represent the three-dimensional directionality and(More)
AIM Platelet derivatives serve as an efficient source of natural growth factors. In the current study, α-granules were incorporated into coaxial nanofibers. MATERIALS & METHODS A nanofiber scaffold containing α-granules was prepared by coaxial electrospinning. The biological potential of the nanofiber scaffold was evaluated in chondrocyte and mesenchymal(More)
Based on the orientation of the osteons, the basal portion and the alveolar portion of the body of the human mandible can be distinguished. In the compact bone, two types of microporosities can be quantified, the osteocyte lacunae and the vascular canals. Our aim was (i) to perform three-dimensional reconstruction of osteocyte lacunae to suggest an(More)