Petra Klusoňová

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The ligand specificity and activation of steroid receptors depend considerably on the enzymatic activities involved in local pre-receptor synthesis and the metabolism of the steroids. Several enzymes in particular, steroid dehydrogenases have been shown to participate in this process. Here we report the isolation of 20-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (ch20HSD)(More)
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11HSD1) is an enzyme that interconverts active 11-hydroxy glucocorticoids (cortisol, corticosterone) and their inactive 11-oxo derivatives (cortisone, 11-dehydrocorticosterone). Although bidirectional, it is considered to operate in vivo as an 11-reductase that regenerates active glucocorticoids and thus amplifies(More)
The effect of glucocorticoids is controlled at the pre-receptor level by the activity of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11HSD). The isoform 11HSD1 is an NADP+ -dependent oxidoreductase, usually reductase, that amplifies the action of glucocorticoids due to reduction of the biologically inactive 11-oxo derivatives cortisone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone(More)
Glucocorticoids influence the function of numerous tissues. Although there are a very large number of studies that have investigated the local metabolism of glucocorticoids in mammals, the knowledge of this metabolism in birds is limited. The local concentration of corticosterone is critical for both glucocorticoid- and mineralocorticoid-dependent activity,(More)
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11HSD1) regulates local glucocorticoid activity and plays an important role in various diseases. Here, we studied whether arthritis modulates 11HSD1, what is the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in this process and whether altered local metabolism of glucocorticoids may contribute to the feedback regulation of(More)
Corticosteroids are known to not only regulate electrolyte homeostasis but also play a role in the cardiovascular system, including myocardial remodeling. Because transgenic mice that overexpress 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11HSD) type 2 in cardiomyocytes have been shown to spontaneously develop cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, we investigated(More)
NAD(+)-dependent 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11HSD2) converts glucocorticoids to 11-oxo derivatives and thus decreases their local concentration and prevents them from activating corticosteroid receptors. In this paper we report the partial cloning, characterization and tissue distribution of chicken 11HSD2. A cDNA of 991bp was cloned from kidney(More)
11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) is an endoplasmic reticulum membrane enzyme with its catalytic site facing the luminal space. It functions primarily as a reductase, driven by the supply of its cosubstrate NADPH by hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH). Extensive research has been performed on the role of 11β-HSD1 in the regeneration of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the role of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11HSD1 and 11HSD2) in determining the fetal concentration of glucocorticoids. METHODS The expression patterns for mRNA abundance, protein level, and enzyme activities of placental and fetal 11HSD1 and 11HSD2 were assessed from embryonic day 13 (E13)(More)
Growth of the remnant embryonic kidney (the mesonephros), as expressed by wet weight, was more rapid in the chick embryos with experimentally induced unilateral renal agenesis compared to controls. The difference was significant between embryonic days 8-12, when the doubled weights of remnant kidneys were increased compared with the weights of paired(More)