Petra Kaufmann

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Since the initial description almost 25 years ago, the syndrome of mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS) has been a useful model to study the complex interplay of factors that define mitochondrial disease. This syndrome, most commonly caused by an A-to-G transition mutation at position 3243 of the mitochondrial(More)
Many cases of central nervous system (CNS) Whipple's disease are not diagnosed until postmortem. Few reviews of CNS Whipple's disease have delineated the frequencies of abnormalities on neurological examination, cerebrospinal fluid studies, neuroimaging, and intestinal biopsy studies. Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment have not been proposed. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Noninvasive ventilation has become increasingly available to spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) patients since the early 1990 s. This is expected to have improved survival for SMA type 1 patients. OBJECTIVE To assess whether there has been a change in survival in patients with SMA type 1 between 1980 and 2006. METHODS We used deidentified,(More)
As every software artifact, also software models are subject to continuous evolution. The operations applied between two successive versions of a model are crucial for understanding its evolution. Generic approaches for detecting operations a posteriori identify atomic operations, but neglect composite operations, such as refactorings, which leads to(More)
Peripherin is a neuronal intermediate filament protein that is expressed chiefly in motor neurons and other nerve cells that project into the peripheral nervous system. Transgenic mice that over-express peripherin develop motor neuron degeneration, suggesting that mutations in peripherin could contribute to the development of motor neuron disease. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-revised (ALSFRSr), a predictor of survival time in ALS clinical trials, predicts survival time in an ALS clinic population. METHODS The authors prospectively evaluated 267 consecutive patients with ALS at first visit to an ALS clinic using the ALSFRSr and pulmonary(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the value of objective biomarkers for upper (UMN) and lower (LMN) motor neuron involvement in ALS. METHODS We prospectively studied 64 patients with ALS and its subsets using clinical measures, proton MR spectroscopic imaging ((1)H MRSI), diffusion tensor imaging, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and the motor unit number(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating, and currently incurable, neuromuscular disease in which oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment are contributing to neuronal loss. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant and mitochondrial cofactor, has shown promise in ALS transgenic mice, and in clinical trials for neurodegenerative(More)
L-citrulline, classified as a nonessential amino acid, is synthesized predominantly via Delta-1-pyrroline carboxylate synthase in the endothelial cells of the small intestine. In mammals, small quantities of citrulline are also produced in nitric oxide synthase-expressing cells. Considering the fact that the enzymes involved in the endogenous synthesis of(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop objective markers for upper motor neuron (UMN) involvement in ALS, the value of single-voxel MR spectroscopy (MRS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was studied. METHODS Test results of 164 ALS patients who had MRS only (n = 91), TMS only (n = 13), or both (n = 60) were analyzed; also, 11 autopsy examinations were evaluated.(More)