Petra Kühner

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Sulfonylureas and glinides close beta cell ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels to increase insulin release; the concomitant closure of cardiovascular KATP channels, however, leads to complications in patients with cardiac ischaemia. The insulinotrope repaglinide is successful in therapy, but has been reported to inhibit the recombinant KATP channels of beta(More)
Despite the importance of phages in driving horizontal gene transfer (HGT) among pathogenic bacteria, the underlying molecular mechanisms mediating phage adsorption to S. aureus are still unclear. Phage ϕ11 is a siphovirus with a high transducing efficiency. Here, we show that the tail protein Gp45 localized within the ϕ11 baseplate. Phage ϕ11 was(More)
ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels are composed of pore-forming subunits (Kir6.x) and of regulatory subunits, the sulfonylurea receptors (SURx). Subtypes of K(ATP) channels are expressed in different organs. The sulfonylureas and glinides (insulinotropes) close the K(ATP) channel in pancreatic beta-cells and stimulate insulin secretion. The insulinotrope(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The antidiabetic sulphonylurea, glibenclamide, acts by inhibiting the pancreatic ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel, a tetradimeric complex of K(IR)6.2 and sulphonylurea receptor 1 (K(IR)6.2/SUR1)(4). At room temperature, recovery of channel activity following washout of glibenclamide is very slow and cannot be measured. This study(More)
UNLABELLED Nasal colonization by the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus is a major risk factor for hospital- and community-acquired infections. A key factor required for nasal colonization is a cell surface-exposed zwitterionic glycopolymer, termed wall teichoic acid (WTA). However, the precise mechanisms that govern WTA-mediated nasal colonization have(More)
Genetic manipulation of emerging bacterial pathogens, such as coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), is a major hurdle in clinical and basic microbiological research. Strong genetic barriers, such as restriction modification systems or clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), usually interfere with available techniques for DNA(More)
The pancreatic KATP channel, SUR1/Kir6.2, couples insulin secretion to the plasma glucose level. The channel is an octamer with four Kir6.2 subunits forming the pore and four sulphonylurea receptors (SUR1) regulating channel activity. SUR1 is an ABC protein with adenosine triphosphate (ATP)ase activity which activates the channel. It also contains the(More)
ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels consist of two types of subunits, KIR6.x that form the pore, and sulfonylurea receptors (SURs) that serve as regulatory subunits. SURs are ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins and contain, in addition to two nucleotide binding folds, the binding sites for channel openers such as diazoxide and P1075 and channel inhibitors such(More)
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are recognized as significant opportunistic pathogens. However, current knowledge of virulence mechanisms is very limited because a significant proportion of CoNS are refractory to available techniques for DNA transformation. We describe an efficient protocol for plasmid transfer using bacteriophage Φ187, which can(More)
Many Staphylococcus aureus have lost a major genetic barrier against phage infection, termed clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR/cas). Hence, S. aureus strains frequently exchange genetic material via phage-mediated horizontal gene transfer events, but, in turn, are vulnerable in particular to lytic phages. Here, a novel strategy of(More)