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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures have shown to be sensitive to white matter (WM) damage in multiple sclerosis (MS), not only inside focal lesions but also in user-defined regions in the so-called normal-appearing white matter (NAWM). New analysis techniques for DTI measures are now available that allow for hypothesis-free localization of damage. We(More)
Abbreviations DTI Diffusion tensor imaging FA Fractional anisotropy FWE Family-wise error TBSS Tract-based spatial statistics To the Editor: Type 1 diabetes, particularly in the presence of microangiopathy, is associated with cognitive dysfunction, mainly observed in domains involving processing speed, suggesting white matter involvement [1]. White matter(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare the depiction of intracortical lesions by using multislab three-dimensional (3D) double inversion-recovery (DIR), multislab 3D fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR), and T2-weighted spin-echo (SE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Local ethics review board(More)
PURPOSE To investigate normal-appearing white (NAWM) and cortical gray (NAGM) matter separately in multiple sclerosis (MS) in vivo using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). MATERIALS AND METHODS In 64 MS patients (12 primary progressive [PP], 38 relapsing remitting [RR], 14 secondary progressive [SP]) and 20 healthy controls, whole-brain apparent diffusion(More)
Creatine transporter deficiency is an X-linked mental retardation disorder caused by mutations in the creatine transporter gene, SLC6A8. In a European Mental Retardation Consortium panel of 66 patients, we identified a male with mental retardation, caused by a c.1059_1061delCTT; p.Phe354del mutation in the SLC6A8 gene. With the use of direct DNA sequencing,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cortical lesions constitute a substantial part of the total lesion load in multiple sclerosis (MS) brain. They have been related to neuropsychological deficits, epilepsy, and depression. However, the proportion of purely cortical lesions visible on MR images is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively investigate whether T1 changes in normal-appearing white matter (WM) and normal-appearing gray matter (GM) in multiple sclerosis (MS) are global or regional and their relationship to disease type. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional ethics review board approved study; written informed consent was obtained. Whole-brain T1 maps(More)
A large body of published work shows that proton (hydrogen 1 [(1)H]) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy has evolved from a research tool into a clinical neuroimaging modality. Herein, the authors present a summary of brain disorders in which MR spectroscopy has an impact on patient management, together with a critical consideration of common data(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Leukoencephalopathies of unknown origin constitute a considerable problem in child neurology. The purpose of our ongoing study of the subject was to define new disease entities among them by using primarily MR imaging pattern recognition. METHODS We identified seven unrelated patients with a distinct MR imaging pattern consisting of(More)
OBJECTIVE Cortical lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS) are notoriously difficult to visualize with standard MR imaging (MRI) techniques. However, the use of higher field-strengths with intrinsically higher signal-to-noise, which can partly be used to increase spatial resolution, may improve cortical lesion detection. Therefore, in this post mortem study, the(More)