Petra Hassel

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BACKGROUND The major immunological hurdle to successful porcine-to-human xenotransplantation is the acute vascular rejection (AVR), characterized by endothelial cell (EC) activation and perturbation of coagulation. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and its derivatives have anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory effects and protect against reactive oxygen species,(More)
BACKGROUND Porcine organs with transgenic expression of anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory genes like the human A20 gene (hA20), a tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-inducible gene, may control the acute vascular rejection (AVR) of porcine xenografts. The human A20 molecule possesses protective features against inflammatory and apoptotic stimuli in(More)
The efficiency of porcine somatic nuclear transfer (born piglets/transferred embryos) is low. Here, we report a highly efficient protocol using peripubertal gilts as recipients synchronized to ovulate approximately 24 h after transfer of cloned embryos. Retrospectively, we compared the efficiency of two different synchronization protocols: In group 1,(More)
This study investigated the effects of different incubation periods for oocyte maturation and contact inhibition of donor cells as well as different osmolarities for storage of recipient oocytes on fusion rates, cleavage rates, and blastocyst yields of porcine somatic nuclear transfer (SCNT) derived embryos. In addition, the in vivo developmental potential(More)
Acute vascular rejection (AVR), in particular microvascular thrombosis, is an important barrier to successful pig-to-primate xenotransplantation. Here, we report the generation of pigs with decreased tissue factor (TF) levels induced by small interfering (si)RNA-mediated gene silencing. Porcine fibroblasts were transfected with TF-targeting small hairpin(More)
Fetal somatic stem cells (FSSCs) are a novel type of somatic stem cells that have recently been discovered in primary fibroblast cultures from pigs and other species. The goal of the present study was to produce viable piglets from FSSCs. NT complexes were prepared from both FSSCs and porcine fetal fibroblasts (pFF) to permit comparison of these two donor(More)
UNLABELLED Multiple modifications of the porcine genome are required to prevent rejection after pig-to-primate xenotransplantation. Here, we produced pigs with a knockout of the α1,3-galactosyltransferase gene (GGTA1-KO) combined with transgenic expression of the human anti-apoptotic/anti-inflammatory molecules heme oxygenase-1 and A20, and investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Xenotransplantation is considered to be a promising solution to the growing demand for suitable donor organs for transplantation. Despite tremendous progress in the generation of pigs with multiple genetic modifications thought to be necessary to overcoming the severe rejection responses after pig-to-non-human primate xenotransplantation, the(More)
Since the birth of "Dolly" as the first mammal cloned from a differentiated cell, somatic cell cloning has been successful in several mammalian species, albeit at low success rates. The highly invasive mechanical enucleation step of a cloning protocol requires sophisticated, expensive equipment and considerable micromanipulation skill. We present a novel(More)
In order to find out whether the administration of bromazepam and low doses of fluspirilene for six weeks had different effects, 45 out-patients of both sexes received 6 mg bromazepam per day or 1.5 mg fluspirilene per week in a double-blind randomized fashion. Overall therapeutic effectiveness was rated by the physician in two weeks' intervals. In addition(More)