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Enzymatic conversion of 4-fluorocatechol in the simultaneous presence of partially purified preparations of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas cepacia and muconate cycloisomerase from Alcaligenes eutrophus 335 yielded a product that was unambiguously identified as (+)-4-fluoromuconolactone [(+)-4-carboxymethyl-4-fluoro-but-2-en-4-olide]. This(More)
Initial F420-dependent hydrogenation of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (picric acid) generated the hydride sigma-complex of picrate and finally the dihydride complex. With 2,4-dinitrophenol the hydride sigma-complex of 2,4-dinitrophenol is generated. The hydride transferring enzyme system showed activity against several substituted 2,4-dinitrophenols but not with(More)
Ralstonia eutropha JMP 134 utilizes 3-nitrophenol as the sole source of nitrogen, carbon, and energy. The entire catabolic pathway of 3-nitrophenol is chromosomally encoded. An initial NADPH-dependent reduction of 3-nitrophenol was found in cell extracts of strain JMP 134. By use of a partially purified 3-nitrophenol nitroreductase from 3-nitrophenol-grown(More)
The self-sufficient cytochrome P450 BM-3 enzyme from Bacillus megaterium catalyzes subterminal hydroxylation of saturated long-chain fatty acids and structurally related compounds. Since the primary structure of P450 BM-3 is homologous to that of mammalian P450 type II, it represents an excellent model for this family of enzymes. During studies on the(More)
Brevibacterium sp. strain DPO 1361 oxygenates dibenzofuran in the unusual angular position. The 3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)catechol thus generated is subject to meta ring cleavage in the proximal position, yielding 2-hydroxy-6-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-6-oxo-2,4-hexadienoic acid, which is hydrolyzed to 2-oxo-4-pentenoate and salicylate by(More)
A bacterial strain, Mycobacterium sp. strain HL 4-NT-1, enriched with 4-nitrotoluene as its sole source of nitrogen, was able to metabolize 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene under aerobic conditions. The dark red-brown metabolite, which accumulated in the culture fluid, was identified as a hydride-Meisenheimer complex by comparison with an authentic synthetic sample.
Mycobacterium sp. strain HL 4-NT-1, isolated from a mixed soil sample from the Stuttgart area, utilized 4-nitrotoluene as the sole source of nitrogen, carbon, and energy. Under aerobic conditions, resting cells of the Mycobacterium strain metabolized 4-nitrotoluene with concomitant release of small amounts of ammonia; under anaerobic conditions,(More)
Because of its high electron deficiency, initial microbial transformations of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) are characterized by reductive rather than oxidation reactions. The reduction of the nitro groups seems to be the dominating mechanism, whereas hydrogenation of the aromatic ring, as described for picric acid, appears to be of minor importance. Thus,(More)
The conversion of 2-chloro-cis,cis-muconate by muconate cycloisomerase from Pseudomonas putida PRS2000 yielded two products which by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy were identified as 2-chloro- and 5-chloromuconolactone. High-pressure liquid chromatography analyses showed the same compounds to be formed also by muconate cycloisomerases from(More)
P450 monooxygenases from microorganisms, similar to those of eukaryotic mitochondria, display a rather narrow substrate specificity. For native P450 BM-3, no other substrates than fatty acids or an indolyl-fatty acid derivative have been reported (Li, Q.S., Schwaneberg, U., Fischer, P., Schmid, R.D., 2000. Directed evolution of the fatty-acid hydroxylase(More)