Petra E Lockwood

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that dental material components alter cytokine secretion from monocytes if applied for several weeks at sublethal doses. The current study significantly extended exposure times of monocytes to the components over times published in previous studies. These exposure times approached the(More)
Few studies have investigated the ability of dental resins to induce cellular stress at sublethal concentrations. Cellular stress, especially in immune cells such as monocytes, may modulate the biological response to materials or the host's ability to respond to bacterially mediated inflammation. The current study examined the ability of sublethal(More)
UNLABELLED Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) reduces thioredoxin (Trx), thereby contributing to cellular redox balance, facilitating the synthesis of deoxy-ribose sugars for DNA synthesis, and regulating redox-sensitive gene expression. Auranofin is a gold compound that potently inhibits TrxR. This inhibition is one suspected mechanism of auranofin's therapeutic(More)
Nickel-containing alloys commonly are used in medical and dental applications that place them into long-term contact with soft tissues. The release of Ni ions from these alloys is disturbing because of the toxic, immunologic, and carcinogenic effects that have been documented for some Ni compounds. In particular, Ni ions in solution recently have been shown(More)
The release of elements from dental alloys has been linked to alloy biocompatibility. Much of the research measuring elemental release has been done in vitro under passive conditions. The current study supplements a previous report that measured elemental release from dental alloys during and after the equivalent of 1 week of toothbrushing. In the current(More)
Ten commercial brands of orthodontic bonding materials representing three modes of delivery systems (two-paste, no-mix, and powder/liquid) were used to bond stainless steel brackets to bovine teeth. Heat was applied to the bracket, and the temperature at debonding was noted for each type of resin. The two-paste systems required a higher temperature to(More)
Green tea polyphenols (GTPPs) are considered beneficial to human health, especially as chemopreventive agents. Recently, cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) were identified in tumor and certain normal cell cultures incubated with high concentrations of the most abundant GTPP, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). If EGCG also provokes the production of(More)
OBJECTIVES In vitro cytotoxicities of commercially available core and flowable dental restorative materials were assessed and compared to traditional resin composites. Our hypothesis was that the increased resin diluents added to achieve higher flow in flowables would increase cytotoxicities, whereas the higher filler content of core materials would(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this research were: (1) to determine the relative rates of evaporation of water and HEMA, and (2) to determine the effects of increasing concentrations of HEMA on the rate of evaporation of water from water and HEMA mixtures. METHODS Ten microliters of each solution (100% H2O, 75% H2O-25% HEMA, 50% H2O-50% HEMA, 25% HEMA, 100% HEMA)(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM The biocompatibility of new dental ceramics has not been assessed with the same scrutiny as has been applied to alloys and composites. Yet, the biocompatibility of ceramics is critical to the long-term success of dental prostheses because ceramics are in close contact with oral tissues for extended periods. MATERIAL AND METHODS Five(More)