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Increasing evidence suggests an important role for cytokines in the regulation of eosinophilic inflammation. In the present study we investigated the distribution of leukocytes, lymphocyte subsets, their activation state, and the cytokine profile present in BAL fluid from patients with various lung diseases associated with eosinophilia. For this purpose, we(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal hematomas are rare entities that can be the cause of an acute spinal cord compression syndrome. Therefore, an early diagnosis is of great importance. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 2001 to 2005 seven patients with intense back pain and/or acute progressive neurological deficit were studied via 1.5 T MRI (in axial and sagittal T1- and(More)
BACKGROUND Mullerian duct anomalies are an uncommon but often a treatable cause of infertility. MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2002 until November 2003, a total of 705 hysterosalpingographies were realised of which 658 were analysed retrospectively in order to determine the importance of uterine malformations in infertile and sterile patients. In ten(More)
Activated T-lymphocytes may regulate the eosinophilic inflammation of bronchial asthma. In the present study, we investigated T cell activation and eosinophilia in blood and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in 17 patients with asthma not receiving steroid treatment. Compared to normal individuals, BAL from patients with asthma contained significantly increased(More)
The association between passive exposure to tobacco smoke and respiratory symptoms was examined in a sample of 4,197 never-smoking adults. They constituted the never-smoking subsample of a random sample of 9,651 adults (age, 18 to 60 yr) in eight areas in Switzerland. Information on passive smoking exposure and standardized questions on respiratory symptoms(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety of withholding anticoagulation in patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism after negative multislice computed tomography (MSCT) pulmonary angiography and lower-limb venography. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 383 consecutive patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism were prospectively studied. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Nowadays, endoscopic management of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is the treatment of choice. However, in the presence of crossing vessels, the success rate of endoscopic management decreases and the risk of hemorrhagic and vascular complications rises. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patients with UPJ obstruction using(More)
BACKGROUND Rhabdomyolysis is a common disorder resulting from a large variety of causes. We describe the MRI features and their importance for diagnosis and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 2003 and 2006, four male patients (age range: 25-33 years) with rhabdomyolysis were studied via 1.5 T MRI (GE, Siemens). In all the patients, T1- and(More)
In the first part of this study peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations, their activation state and various serum parameters were measured in extrinsic and intrinsic atopic dermatitis (AD) patients compared to normal individuals. Beside the characteristic eosinophilia, significantly increased numbers of CD4+ T cells with increased expression of IL-2(More)