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The low-affinity human Fc gamma RIIa is encoded by a single gene with allelic variation, defined by low-responder and high-responder alleles (LR and HR). The HR Fc gamma RIIa transcript interacts strongly with murine (m) IgG1 complexes, in contrast to the LR Fc gamma RIIa. Furthermore, the transcripts can be discriminated by mAb 41H16, which recognizes an(More)
An allotypic form of the low affinity IgG Fc receptor Fc gamma RIIa (CD32), termed low responder (LR) because of its weak reactivity with mouse (m) IgG1, interacts efficiently with human (h) IgG2. Fc gamma RIIaLR is the first known human FcR that binds this IgG subclass. In this study, we analyzed the role of Fc gamma RIIa in binding of stable hIgG-subclass(More)
Genomic RNA of hog cholera virus (HCV) strain Brescia was cloned and sequenced. The nucleotide sequence was deduced from overlapping cDNA clones and comprises 12,283 nucleotides. We cloned the complete 3' end of the HCV genome, but could not unequivocally prove that the cDNA sequence also completely covers HCV RNA at the 5' end. The HCV genome contained one(More)
The IgG Fc receptor II on human monocytes is polymorphic in its ability to bind mIgG1, and its isoelectric focusing pattern. To study the molecular basis of this polymorphism, a cDNA library from cell line K562, expressing two different allelic forms (high responder [HR] and low responder [LR]) of Fc gamma RII, was used for cDNA cloning. We report the(More)
A group of Fc receptor molecules, classified CD32, recognize the Fc moiety of IgG with low affinity. We report the isolation and identification of different hFc gamma RIIb cDNA clones, amongst which are cDNA clones encoding hFc gamma RIIb1 and hFc gamma RIIb2. Two hFc gamma RIIb1 encoding cDNA clones (pIP9 and pIP14) were isolated, which differed by three(More)
We have isolated and characterized three genes coding for hFc gamma RIIA, IIB, and IIC. Each gene spans approximately 15-19 kilobases of DNA and consists of eight exons. Two exons encode the 5'-untranslated region and signal peptides, two exons code for homologous Ig-like extracellular domains, a single exon encodes the transmembrane spanning region, and(More)
The sequence I/VxYxxL, often referred to as an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM), binds to the C-terminal Src homology 2 domain of the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1. Conserved residues N-terminal of the tyrosine are not ordinarily found in other Src homology 2 domain binding motifs. The inhibitory forms of killer cell Ig-like receptors(More)
CD58 is the ligand for the CD2 molecule on human T cells and has been shown to provide a co-stimulatory signal for T cell activation. However, its physiological role is still unclear. We studied the effects of co-stimulation by CD58 on the production of T(h)1-type (IL-2- and IFN-gamma) or T(h)2 type (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10) cytokines in an in vitro culture(More)
T cell activation induced by mouse anti-CD3 mAb has shown to be dependent on the Ig isotype of these antibodies. A study of isotype dependency of human antibodies, however, seems more relevant to human effector systems, especially in view of the availability of humanized antibodies for clinical applications. We constructed a panel of mouse and mouse/human(More)
The interaction of CD40 ligand (CD40L) on activated T cells with CD40 on B cells, monocytes and dendritic cells is essential for humoral immunity and for up-regulation of antigen-presenting cell (APC) functions, as a result of signaling through CD40. There are also some indications that after interaction with CD40, CD40L can directly signal T cells. In this(More)