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BACKGROUND Drosophila melanogaster is a chill-susceptible insect. Previous studies on this fly focused on acute direct chilling injury during cold shock and showed that lower lethal temperature (LLT, approximately -5°C) exhibits relatively low plasticity and that acclimations, both rapid cold hardening (RCH) and long-term cold acclimation, shift the LLT by(More)
The composition of molecular species of phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs) and phosphatidylcholines (PCs) was analysed in fat body and muscle tissues of Chymomyza costata larvae of different physiological states that markedly differed in their level of freeze-tolerance. Actively moving and feeding 3rd instar larvae had low (zero) capacity of freeze-tolerance(More)
The larva of the drosophilid fly, Chymomyza costata, is probably the most complex metazoan organism that can survive submergence in liquid nitrogen (-196 °C) in a fully hydrated state. We examined the associations between the physiological and biochemical parameters of differently acclimated larvae and their freeze tolerance. Entering diapause is an(More)
Diapausing cold-acclimated adults of the bug Pyrrhocoris apterus accumulate four 'winter' polyols, ribitol, sorbitol, mannitol and arabinitol, in total concentrations of up to 100 mM. The accumulation started only when the temperatures dropped below a threshold of +5 degrees C in laboratory acclimated insects. The supercooling capacity (SCP) was not(More)
The novel taxanes SB-T-1102, SB-T-1214 and SB-T-1216 are up to 1000-fold more cytotoxic for resistant tumour cells than clinically used paclitaxel and docetaxel, and the current study has examined the metabolism of these new taxanes in human, rat, pig and minipig liver microsomes. Metabolites were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
Target metabolic and large-scale transcriptomic analyses of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) cells were employed to identify novel gene(s) involved in methyl jasmonate (MJ)-dependent function in plants. At the metabolic level, we describe the specific accumulation of several phenylpropanoid-polyamine conjugates in MJ-treated BY-2 cells.(More)
Adaptative responses of ectothermic organisms to thermal variation typically involve the reorganization of membrane glycerophospholipids (GPLs) to maintain membrane function. We investigated how acclimation at 15, 20 and 25 degrees C during preimaginal development influences the thermal tolerance and the composition of membrane GPLs in adult Drosophila(More)
In addition to guanine, xanthine and hypoxanthine were identified in white spherules in excreta of five species ofArgas andOrnithodoros ticks by a reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and a gas chromatographic method with mass spectrometric detection, (GC/MS). The mutual relationships of these purines in excreta ofArgas (Persicargas)(More)
Overwintering success is one of the key aspects affecting the development and outbreaks of the spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus (L.) populations. This paper brings detailed analysis of cold tolerance, and its influence on overwintering success, in two Central European populations of I. typographus during two cold seasons. Evidence for a supercooling(More)
Paclitaxel is an important, recently introduced anti-neoplastic drug. Paclitaxel metabolites are virtually inactive in comparison with the parent drug. The study investigated whether phenolic antioxidants could inhibit metabolic inactivation sufficiently to increase paclitaxel effects. Cytochrome P450 (CYP)-catalysed metabolism of paclitaxel was(More)