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BACKGROUND Drosophila melanogaster is a chill-susceptible insect. Previous studies on this fly focused on acute direct chilling injury during cold shock and showed that lower lethal temperature (LLT, approximately -5°C) exhibits relatively low plasticity and that acclimations, both rapid cold hardening (RCH) and long-term cold acclimation, shift the LLT by(More)
BACKGROUND The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a major insect pest of apples worldwide. Fully grown last instar larvae overwinter in diapause state. Their overwintering strategies and physiological principles of cold tolerance have been insufficiently studied. No elaborate analysis of overwintering physiology is available for European populations. (More)
The corpora cardiaca (CC) of two water bug species, the water boatman Corixa punctata and the saucer bug Ilyocoris cimicoides, contain a substance that cause hyperlipemia in the migratory locust. The primary sequence of one octapeptide belonging to the adipokinetic hormone (AKH)/red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH) family was deduced from the multiple(More)
Seasonal dynamics of ecophysiological parameters are described which are relevant to overwintering in field-collected adults of a Czech population of the red firebug, Pyrrhocoris apterus. Five life-cycle phases were distinguished using the duration of pre-oviposition period as a criterion: reproductive activity (spring–early summer), intensification of(More)
We investigated cytochrome P450 (P450)-catalyzed metabolism of the important cancer drugs paclitaxel and docetaxel in rat, pig, minipig, and human liver microsomes and cDNA-expressed P450 enzymes. In rat microsomes, paclitaxel was metabolized mainly to C3'-hydroxypaclitaxel (C3'-OHP) and to a lesser extent to C2-hydroxypaclitaxel (C2-OHP),(More)
A novel peptide of the adipokinetic hormone (AKH)/red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH) family has been elucidated by mass spectrometry from the corpora cardiaca of an African saucer bug species, Laccocoris spurcus. It is the first decapeptide member found in the species-rich taxon Heteroptera, has the primary sequence(More)
The adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) from the corpora cardiaca (CC) of representative species from all three subfamilies of the Sphingidae (hawkmoths) were investigated using matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) and liquid chromatography electrospray ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-ESI MS), including a re-examination of the AKH(More)
This mass spectrometric study confines itself to peptide masses in the range of 500-1500Da. Adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) that are predicted from the genome of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, and the silk moth, Bombyx mori, are shown to exist as expressed peptides in the corpora cardiaca (CC) of the respective species as evidenced by various mass(More)
Peptides of the adipokinetic hormone (AKH)/red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH) family were isolated and sequenced from the retrocerebral corpora cardiaca of four kissing bugs which are all vectors of the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi responsible for Chagas' disease. The sequence of three novel AKHs were deduced from the multiple MS(N) electrospray mass(More)
This is the first report on the structural identity of a neuropeptide of the insect order Grylloblattodea. A peptide was isolated and sequenced from the retrocerebral corpora cardiaca-corpora allata complex of the ice crawler, Galloisiana yuasai. The sequence of the peptide was deduced from the multiple MS(N) electrospray mass data as that of an(More)