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The larva of the drosophilid fly, Chymomyza costata, is probably the most complex metazoan organism that can survive submergence in liquid nitrogen (-196 °C) in a fully hydrated state. We examined the associations between the physiological and biochemical parameters of differently acclimated larvae and their freeze tolerance. Entering diapause is an(More)
BACKGROUND Drosophila melanogaster is a chill-susceptible insect. Previous studies on this fly focused on acute direct chilling injury during cold shock and showed that lower lethal temperature (LLT, approximately -5°C) exhibits relatively low plasticity and that acclimations, both rapid cold hardening (RCH) and long-term cold acclimation, shift the LLT by(More)
Target metabolic and large-scale transcriptomic analyses of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) cells were employed to identify novel gene(s) involved in methyl jasmonate (MJ)-dependent function in plants. At the metabolic level, we describe the specific accumulation of several phenylpropanoid-polyamine conjugates in MJ-treated BY-2 cells.(More)
The composition of molecular species of phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs) and phosphatidylcholines (PCs) was analysed in fat body and muscle tissues of Chymomyza costata larvae of different physiological states that markedly differed in their level of freeze-tolerance. Actively moving and feeding 3rd instar larvae had low (zero) capacity of freeze-tolerance(More)
BACKGROUND The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a major insect pest of apples worldwide. Fully grown last instar larvae overwinter in diapause state. Their overwintering strategies and physiological principles of cold tolerance have been insufficiently studied. No elaborate analysis of overwintering physiology is available for European populations. (More)
In addition to guanine, xanthine and hypoxanthine were identified in white spherules in excreta of five species of Argas and Ornithodoros ticks by a reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and a gas chromatographic method with mass spectrometric detection (GC/MS). The mutual relationships of these purines in excreta of Argas(More)
The novel taxanes SB-T-1102, SB-T-1214 and SB-T-1216 are up to 1000-fold more cytotoxic for resistant tumour cells than clinically used paclitaxel and docetaxel, and the current study has examined the metabolism of these new taxanes in human, rat, pig and minipig liver microsomes. Metabolites were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
Adults of the insect Pyrrhocoris apterus acquire chill tolerance through the process of autumnal acclimatization. Field and laboratory experiments were conducted to separate the triggering effects of low temperatures, desiccation and diapause progression on the physiological characteristics related to chill tolerance with emphasis on the restructuring of(More)
A novel member of the AKH/RPCH family of peptides has been identified from the corpus cardiacum of an, as yet, unidentified species of the newly discovered insect order Mantophasmatodea from Namibia. The primary sequence of the peptide, which is denoted Manto-CC, was deduced from multiple MS(N) electrospray mass data to be an octapeptide:(More)
We investigated cytochrome P450 (P450)-catalyzed metabolism of the important cancer drugs paclitaxel and docetaxel in rat, pig, minipig, and human liver microsomes and cDNA-expressed P450 enzymes. In rat microsomes, paclitaxel was metabolized mainly to C3'-hydroxypaclitaxel (C3'-OHP) and to a lesser extent to C2-hydroxypaclitaxel (C2-OHP),(More)