Petr O. Ilyinskii

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Residues 17 and 18 in nef of SIVmac239 were changed from RQ to YE to create a translated sequence of SRPSGDLYERLLRARGETYGRLLGEVEDGYSQSP from residues 10-43. The YXXL motifs in this context match very well with consensus sequences for SH2 binding domains and are similar to ones present in nef of the acutely lethal pathogen SIVpbj14. The YE variant of(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental data accumulated over more than a decade indicate that cross-strain protection against influenza may be achieved by immunization with conserved influenza proteins. At the same time, the efficacy of immunization schemes designed along these lines and involving internal influenza proteins, mostly NP and M1, has not been sufficient. (More)
Two-fold immunization of Balb/c mice with a vaccinia virus recombinant expressing the NP protein of influenza A/PR8/34 (H1N1) virus under the control of a strong synthetic promoter induced specific antibodies and protected animals against low-dose challenge by mouse-adapted heterosubtypic variants of human A/Aichi2/68 (H3N2) and avian(More)
Development of novel vaccines and therapeutics often requires efficient expression of recombinant viral proteins. Here we show that mutations in essential functional regions of conserved influenza proteins NP and NS1, lead to reduced expression of these genes in vitro. According to in silico analysis, these mRNA regions possess distinct secondary structures(More)
Simian virus 40 (SV40) was isolated from the brains of three rhesus monkeys and the kidneys of two other rhesus monkeys with simian immunodeficiency virus-induced immunodeficiency. A striking feature of these five cases was the tissue specificity of the SV40 replication. SV40 was also isolated from the kidney of a Taiwanese rock macaque with(More)
The sera of patients with lymphadenopathies (children, suffering from primary immune deficiencies) and AIDS were analysed for the presence of antibodies against D-type retroviruses by means of radioimmunoprecipitation (RIP) and Western blotting. It was established that these sera contain the antibodies derived against p27, the major structural protein of(More)
When residues 17 and 18 in nef of simian immunodeficiency virus strain SIVmac239 were changed from RQ to YE, the resultant virus was able to replicate in peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures without prior lymphocyte activation and without the addition of exogenous interleukin-2, caused extensive lymphocyte activation in these cultures, and produced an(More)
A short stretch of T-rich sequences immediately upstream of the polypurine tract (PPT) is highly conserved in the proviral genomes of human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV and SIV). To investigate whether this 'U-box' influences SIVmac239 replication, we analyzed the properties of mutants with changes in this region of the viral genome. All mutants(More)
Ten mutants of the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) SIVmac239 bearing deletions (delta) or substitutions (subst) in the NF-kappaB and/or Sp1 binding elements were created, and the replicative capacities of the mutants were analyzed. All mutants, including one extensively mutagenized strain entirely missing the NF-kappaB and four Spl binding elements,(More)
Rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were infected with five strains of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) derived from SIVmac239 containing deletions (delta) or substitutions (subst) in NF-kappaB and Sp1 binding sites. We have shown previously that mutations in these regions still allow efficient SIVmac replication in primary lymphoid cell cultures (P. O.(More)