Petr Nádvorník

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Introgression is the incorporation of alleles from one species or semispecies into the gene pool of another through hybridization and backcrossing. The rate at which this occurs depends on the frequency of hybridization and the fitness of hybrids and backcrosses compared to 'pure' individuals. The collared flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis) and the pied(More)
Spreading depression (SD) of EEG activity was elicited by microinjection (5 microliter) of 5% potassium chloride into the caudate nucleus (n = 7) or hippocampus (n = 3) during stereotactic brain surgery in patients with focal epilepsy. An electrode-cannula assembly for eliciting and recording the slow potential waves of SD is described. The parameters of SD(More)
This paper reports on the structural rearrangement of satellite DNA type I repeats and heterochromatin during the dedifferentiation and cell cycling of mesophyll protoplasts of cucumber (Cucumis sativus). These repeats were localized in the telomeric heterochromatin of cucumber chromosomes and in the chromocenters of interphase nuclei. The dramatic(More)
Across animal taxa, reproductive success is generally more variable and more strongly dependent upon body condition for males than for females; in such cases, parents able to produce offspring in above-average condition are predicted to produce sons, whereas parents unable to produce offspring in good condition should produce daughters. We tested this(More)
Females in most bird species engage in extra-pair copulations. Although this behaviour is widespread, benefits for females of doing so are less understood. The most widely accepted hypothesis is that they improve their previous choice of social partner and gain genetic benefits for their offspring. Some evidence for this comes from studies that find that(More)
Occasionally, even a single breeding event may provide significant biological information, of which the present report of a pairing between a female meadow pipit (Anthus pratensis) and a male water pipit (A. spinoletta) may be a good example. Events of mixed-species pairing appear to be relatively common in birds (ARNOLD 1997). However, only rarely has(More)
The pelicans are a charismatic group of large water birds, whose evolutionary relationships have been long debated. Here we use DNA sequence data from both mitochondrial and nuclear genes to derive a robust phylogeny of all the extant species. Our data rejects the widespread notion that pelicans can be divided into white- and brown-plumaged groups. Instead,(More)