Petr Martínek

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The brittle rachis character, which causes spontaneous shattering of spikelets, has an adaptive value in wild grass species. The lociBr 1 andBr 2 in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) andBr 3 in hexaploid wheat (T. aestivum L.) determine disarticulation of rachides above the junction of the rachilla with the rachis such that a fragment of rachis is attached(More)
The wheat and rye spike normally bears one spikelet per rachis node, and the appearance of supernumerary spikelets is rare. The loci responsible for the ‘multirow spike’ or MRS trait in wheat, and the ‘monstrosum spike’ trait in rye were mapped by genotyping F2 populations with microsatellite markers. Both MRS and the ‘monstrosum’ trait are under the(More)
Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome-associated renal cell carcinomas (RCC) are difficult to diagnose prospectively. We used immunohistochemistry (IHC) to identify fumarate hydratase (FH)-deficient tumors (defined as FH negative, 2-succinocysteine [2SC] positive) in cases diagnosed as "unclassified RCC, high grade or with papillary(More)
Bacterial infections present an enormous problem causing human suffering and cost burdens to healthcare systems worldwide. Here we present novel tunable antibacterial coatings which completely inhibit bacterial colonization by Staphylococcus epidermidis but allow normal adhesion and spreading of osteoblastic cells. The coatings are based on amine plasma(More)
Brooke-Spiegler syndrome (BSS) is a rare, inherited, autosomal dominant disorder characterized by development of multiple adnexal cutaneous neoplasms including spiradenoma, cylindroma, spiradenocylindroma, and trichoepithelioma. The syndrome of multiple familial trichoepitheliomas (MFT) is considered a phenotypic variant of BSS in which patients present(More)
Brooke-Spiegler syndrome (BSS) and its phenotypic variants, multiple familial trichoepithelioma (MFT) and familial cylindromatosis, are rare autosomal dominant hereditary diseases. They are characterized by the presence of multiple adnexal tumors, especially cylindromas, spiradenomas, spiradenocylindromas, and trichoepitheliomas. Implicated in the(More)
While it is usually not difficult to compute principal curvatures of a smooth surface of sufficient differentiability, it is a rather difficult task when only a polygonal approximation of the surface is available, because of the inherent ambiguity of such representation. A number of different approaches has been proposed in the past that tackle this problem(More)
A common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) mutation that produces 3 pistils (TP) per floret may result in formation of up to 3 kernels per floret. The TP trait may be important for increasing the number of grains per spike and for improving the yield potential through breeding. This trait is determined by the dominantPis1 gene. Genetic mapping ofPis1 involved(More)
Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS), a phenotypic variant of the more common hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome, or Lynch syndrome, is an autosomal dominantly inherited condition that combines at least one cutaneous sebaceous neoplasm and at least one visceral malignancy. Most patients (~90%) with MTS carry mutations in the MSH2 gene; less than 10% of(More)
A unique renal neoplasm characterized by eosinophilic cytoplasm and solid and cystic growth was recently reported in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). We searched multiple institutional archives and consult files in an attempt to identify a sporadic counterpart. We identified 16 morphologically identical cases, all in women, without clinical(More)