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Five parameters of one of the most common neuronal models, the diffusion leaky integrate-and-fire model, also known as the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck neuronal model, were estimated on the basis of intracellular recording. These parameters can be classified into two categories. Three of them (the membrane time constant, the resting potential and the firing(More)
The spiking activity of receptor neurons was recorded extracellularly in the frog olfactory epithelium in response to four odourants applied at precisely controlled concentrations. A set of criteria was formulated to define the spikes in the response. Four variables - latency, duration, number of interspike intervals and frequency - were determined to(More)
Stein's model represents a commonly-used description of spontaneous neuronal activity. Substituting Stein's model by the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck diffusion process increases the model tractability. A diffusion approximation of Stein's model is summarized in the present paper. It is proved that the cumulative distribution functions of interspike intervals under(More)
Most olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) express a single type of olfactory receptor that is differentially sensitive to a wide variety of odorant molecules. The diversity of possible odorant-receptor interactions raises challenging problems for the coding of complex mixtures of many odorants, which make up the vast majority of real world odors. Pure(More)
The spiking response of receptor neurons to various odorants has been analyzed at different concentrations. The interspike intervals were measured extracellularly before, during and after the stimulation from the olfactory epithelium of the frog Rana ridibunda. First, a quantitative method was developed to distinguish the spikes in the response from the(More)
Transduction in chemosensory cells begins with the association of ligand molecules to receptor proteins borne by the cell membrane. The receptor-ligand complexes formed act as signaling compounds that trigger a G-protein cascade. This receptor-ligand interaction, described here by a single-step or double-step reaction, depends on factors controlling the(More)
Stochastic leaky integrate-and-fire (LIF) neuronal models are common theoretical tools for studying properties of real neuronal systems. Experimental data of frequently sampled membrane potential measurements between spikes show that the assumption of constant parameter values is not realistic and that some (random) fluctuations are occurring. In this(More)
When monitoring neurons with a single extracellular electrode, it is common to record action potentials from different neurons. A recurring problem with such recordings is to identify which neuron is active. Sorting spikes into separate classes is possible if each neuron discharge spikes differing by their shapes and sizes. However, this approach is not(More)
The coding of odor intensity by an olfactory receptor neuron model was studied under steady-state stimulation. Our model neuron is an elongated cylinder consisting of the following three components: a sensory dendritic region bearing odorant receptors, a passive region consisting of proximal dendrite and cell body, and an axon. First, analytical solutions(More)
Equations for a diffusion neuronal model describing the production of nerve impulses have been derived for the case in which the noisy depolarizations of the membrane potential are restricted by the reversal potentials. Identifying neuron firing intervals with the first-passage-time distribution for the associated process allows us to compute the interspike(More)