Learn More
We evaluated the prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in the pork production chain in Czech Republic, Italy, and Spain during 2010. A total of 337 fecal, liver, and meat samples from animals at slaughterhouses were tested for HEV by real-time quantitative PCR. Overall, HEV was higher in Italy (53%) and Spain (39%) than in Czech Republic (7.5%). HEV was(More)
A rapid, cheap and sensitive detection method of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in raw milk was needed for routine usage. We developed two duplex real time qPCR systems specific for MAP detection. These real time qPCR assays amplify the multicopy element IS900 for qualitative analysis and the single copy element F57 for quantitative(More)
This study focused on the development of a reliable and cost-efficient DNA isolation procedure for the detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in faeces by previously developed IS900 and F57 quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) and their comparison with culture. The recovery of MAP DNA from the spiking experiments ranged from 29.1 to(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is known to be a very slow-growing organism. The fact that cells typically need several weeks to form visible colonies severely compromises the suitability of plate counting for assessment of viable cell counts. This problem might be overcome by the application of fast molecular methods containing a(More)
Polymorphic markers identified in the horse genes encoding the interleukin 12 p40 subunit, interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, and inducible nitric oxide synthase were identified and tested, along with additional markers, for associations with two important horse infections: Rhodococcus equi and Lawsonia intracellularis. Eight immune(More)
The objective of the present study was to carry out a small surveillance programme in Czech pig production herds using the nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (nRT-PCR) technique to trace Hepatitis E virus (HEV) in different biological samples and to characterise the detected swine HEV isolates by phylogenetic analysis. A total of 32(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium (MAA) and M. a. hominissuis (MAH) belong to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and are frequently associated with diseases in animals and humans. The aim of this study was to develop a system for rapid and accurate real time quantitative PCR (qPCR) identification and quantification of MAA and MAH. This study included 22(More)
Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP), etiological agent of paratuberculosis in ruminants, is able to survive extreme conditions like very low pH (stomach), high temperature (pasteurization) or low temperature (refrigerated storage). Cheese, infant powder milk, cream and other milk and dairy products might thus be considered as possible sources of MAP(More)
Different approaches are used for determining the number of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) cells in a suspension. The majority of them are based upon culture (determination of CFU) or visual/instrumental direct counting of MAP cells. In this study, we have compared the culture method with a previously published F57 based quantitative(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in concentrations from 48 to 32 500 cells per gram of powdered infant milk were found in 18 out of 51 investigated samples (35%) in this study. More than 10 000 cells per gram were present in four samples (7.8%). Such concentrations mean that one package of milk contains 5 million MAP cells, which are(More)