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This study focused on the development of a reliable and cost-efficient DNA isolation procedure for the detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in faeces by previously developed IS900 and F57 quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) and their comparison with culture. The recovery of MAP DNA from the spiking experiments ranged from 29.1 to(More)
A rapid, cheap and sensitive detection method of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in raw milk was needed for routine usage. We developed two duplex real time qPCR systems specific for MAP detection. These real time qPCR assays amplify the multicopy element IS900 for qualitative analysis and the single copy element F57 for quantitative(More)
"Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis" often causes cervical lymphadenitis in children; its prompt and accurate identification enables adequate therapy, tracing, and prevention. The aims of this study were to determine the causative agent of lymphadenitis using culture, PCR, and triplex quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) methods with DNA directly isolated(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium (MAA) and M. a. hominissuis (MAH) belong to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and are frequently associated with diseases in animals and humans. The aim of this study was to develop a system for rapid and accurate real time quantitative PCR (qPCR) identification and quantification of MAA and MAH. This study included 22(More)
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms of a wide variety of environmental reservoirs, including natural and municipal water, soil, aerosols, protozoans, animals and humans. Several of these species are potential pathogens which affect human health. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of NTM in the water environment.(More)
Different approaches are used for determining the number of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) cells in a suspension. The majority of them are based upon culture (determination of CFU) or visual/instrumental direct counting of MAP cells. In this study, we have compared the culture method with a previously published F57 based quantitative(More)
Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP), etiological agent of paratuberculosis in ruminants, is able to survive extreme conditions like very low pH (stomach), high temperature (pasteurization) or low temperature (refrigerated storage). Cheese, infant powder milk, cream and other milk and dairy products might thus be considered as possible sources of MAP(More)
The aim of this study was to optimise a two-tube reverse transcription triplex quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) combining amplification of two loci with an internal amplification control (IAC) for detection and quantitation of hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA and to validate its performance on a pool of biological samples. Optimisation was performed on(More)
Chromosomal locations of 19 horse immunity-related loci (CASP1, CD14, EIF5A, FCER1A, IFNG, IL12A, IL12B, IL12RB2, IL1A, IL23A, IL4, IL6, MMP7, MS4A2, MYD88, NOS2A, PTGS2, TFRC and TLR2) were determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization. For IFNG and PTGS2, this study is a confirmation of their previously reported position. In addition, microsatellite(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is known to be a very slow-growing organism. The fact that cells typically need several weeks to form visible colonies severely compromises the suitability of plate counting for assessment of viable cell counts. This problem might be overcome by the application of fast molecular methods containing a(More)