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High-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging of healthy volunteers was used to study the functional anatomy of the human primary motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1) cortical hand representations during simple movements of thumb, little finger and wrist and a sequential movement of the middle three fingers. Rest served as a control state. The results(More)
The analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data involves multiple stages of data pre-processing before the activation can be statistically detected. Spatial smoothing is a very common pre-processing step in the analysis of functional brain imaging data. This study presents a broad perspective on the influence of spatial smoothing on fMRI(More)
The authors studied motor behavior and primary motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1) cortical representations of movement during hand motor skill acquisition over 3 weeks. During four functional MRI sessions 1 week apart, subjects performed simple movements of single fingers and wrist, and a sequential movement of the middle three fingers, contrasted with rest.(More)
The impact of epileptiform activity on the functional organization of various cortical regions is currently a widely discussed topic. Our patient, suffering from left-sided temporal lobe epilepsy with typical mesiotemporal sclerosis, had a remarkable history of a clear-cut handedness shift in early childhood. In this study, we considered the possibility of(More)
Extraordinary motor skills required for expert athletic or music performance require longstanding and intensive practice leading to two critical skills, a level of maximal performance that far exceeds that of non-experts and a degree of privileged focus on motor performance that excludes intrusions. This study of motor planning in expert golfers(More)
Event-related fMRI (efMRI) has been repeatedly used to seek the neural sources of endogenous event-related potentials (ERP). However, significant discrepancies exist between the efMRI data and the results of previously published intracranial ERP studies of oddball task. To evaluate the capacity of efMRI to define the sources of the P3 component of ERP(More)
This paper describes a method for processing functional magnetic resonance images that suppresses signal changes originating from macroscopic veins visible in acquired magnetic resonance angiograms. Finger tapping experiments were performed on a 1.5-T scanner and the response was evaluated with voxel-by-voxel cross-correlation of the time course with a(More)
A neurological truism is that each side of the brain controls movements on the opposite side of the body. Yet some left hemisphere brain lesions cause bilateral impairment of complex motor function and/or ideomotor apraxia. We report that the left dorsal premotor cortex of normal right-handed people plays a fundamental role in sequential movement of both(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Botulinum toxin (BTX) treatment can relieve focal arm spasticity after stroke, presumably through dynamic changes at multiple levels of the motor system, including the cerebral cortex. However, the neuroanatomical correlate of BTX spasticity relief is not known and should be reflected in changes of cortical activation during motor(More)
Research in neural plasticity of adult cortical representations brought hope of significant potential for further improvement in therapy after cerebrovascular stroke, but the same processes involved in plasticity also allow for maladaptive changes whether spontaneous or caused by inappropriate therapeutic manipulations. Within the extensive network of(More)