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Zygomycosis is an important emerging fungal infection, associated with high morbidity and mortality. The Working Group on Zygomycosis of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) prospectively collected cases of proven and probable zygomycosis in 13 European countries occurring between 2005 and 2007. Cases were recorded by a standardized case(More)
The antifungal activity of the silver nanoparticles (NPs) prepared by the modified Tollens process was evaluated for pathogenic Candida spp. by means of the determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC), and the time-dependency of yeasts growth inhibition. Simultaneously the cytotoxicity of the silver(More)
A collection of 178 Aspergillus isolates, recovered from Czech patients, mostly from 2007-2011, was subjected to multilocus DNA sequence typing using the ITS region, β-tubulin, and calmodulin genes. An unusually wide spectrum of etiologic agents that included 36 species of Aspergillus is discussed in the context of recent taxonomic and clinical reports.(More)
Pichia fabianii, a yeast rarely causing human infections, was isolated from the blood of a patient with aortic valve endocarditis. The isolates were initially identified biochemically as Candida pelliculosa, but based on direct sequencing of the ITS2 region of rRNA, they were subsequently reidentified as P. fabianii. Antifungal therapy with fluconazole and(More)
Pythiosis is a rare infectious disease caused by Pythium insidiosum, which typically occurs in tropical and subtropical regions. The high mortality rate may be in consequence of the lack of diagnosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate reliability of a new single-tube nested PCR for detection of P. insidiosum DNA. A total of 78 clinical isolates of(More)
Production of secreted aspartate proteinases was determined in a set of 646 isolates ofCandida and non-Candida yeast species collected from 465 patients of theUniversity Hospital in Olomouc (Czechia) in the period 1995–2002, andCandida samples obtained from 64 healthy volunteers using solid media developed for this purpose. Using random amplified(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the proportion of invasive infections caused by the filamentous fungi of the Aspergillus genus are growing in immunocompromised persons particularly in transplant recipients and neutropenic patients. Unfortunately, laboratory diagnostics of invasive aspergillosis remains extremely difficult, mainly with regard to the sensitivity of the(More)
Clinical yeast isolates belonging to Candida pelliculosa, Candida utilis and Candida fabianii are difficult to distinguish in a routine mycology laboratory using common biochemical tests. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of C. pelliculosa, C. utilis and C. fabianii in clinical samples and to compare their minimum inhibitory(More)
BACKGROUND Morphotyping is a phenotypic method for strain differentiation of yeast cultures based on the comparison of appearance of their surfaces and fringes. For its simplicity and cost-effectiveness, it is recommended as an alternative tool to genotyping of Candida albicans. Our study aimed at verifying its usefulness for typing a group of C. albicans(More)
Using a group of 150 isolates of Candida albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis a C. kefyr the differentiating capacity of two biotyping systems was tested-the combined method according to Mencl and Otcenásek, and typing using the so-called killer phenomenon. With the combined method comparable results with the original work of the(More)