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The Aurora kinases (serine/threonine kinases) were discovered in 1995 during studies of mutant alleles associated with abnormal spindle pole formation in Drosophila melanogaster. They soon became the focus of much attention because of their importance in human biology and association with cancer. Aurora kinases are essential for cell division and are(More)
Synthesis of 3beta-O-phthalic esters from betulinic acid and its esters and synthesis of phthalic esters from betulin and its monoacetates using classical acylation procedure with phthalic anhydride. The evaluation of cytotoxicity of the prepared compounds was using numbers of tumor cell lines in MTT test. It was discovered that hemiphthalic esters had(More)
The aim of this work was to find an optimal ester group for preparation of lupane derivatives connecting high cytotoxicity with good chemical and pharmacological properties. Activities of methyl-, pivaloyloxymethyl- (Pom-), and acetoxymethyl- (Acm-) esters were compared with the activity of free acids. Although the methyl- and Pom-esters were generally less(More)
BACKGROUND Aurora kinases are a recently discovered family of kinases (A, B & C) consisting of highly conserved serine\threonine protein kinases found to be involved in multiple mitotic events: regulation of spindle assembly checkpoint pathway, function of centrosomes and cytoskeleton, and cytokinesis. Aberrant expression of Aurora kinases may lead to(More)
In a routine screening of our small-molecule compound collection we recently identified 4-arylazo-3,5-diamino-1H-pyrazoles as a novel group of ATP antagonists with moderate potency against CDK2-cyclin E. A preliminary SAR study based on 35 analogues suggests ways in which the pharmacophore could be further optimized, for example, via substitutions in the(More)
Large series of O-alkyl derivatives (methyl and benzyl) of silybin and 2,3-dehydrosilybin was prepared. Selective alkylation of the silybin molecule was systematically investigated. For the first time we present here, for example, preparation of 19-nor-2,3-dehydrosilybin. All prepared silybin/2,3-dehydrosilybin derivatives were tested for cytotoxicity on a(More)
The aim of this work was to synthesize a set of heterocyclic derivatives of lupane, lup-20(29)-ene, and 18α-oleanane, and to investigate their cytotoxic activities. Some of those heterocycles were previously known in the oleanane (allobetulin) group; however, to our knowledge the syntheses and biological activities of lupane heterocycles have not been(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was the analysis of the new molecular genetic immunomarkers (p53, c-erbB-2, Ki 67, bcl-2) hormonal receptors (ER, PR) and ploidy disturbances and their relation to the most important prognostic factors for endometrial cancer. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Dept. of Gynaecology and Obsterics, Laboratory of Experimental(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common malignant brain tumor in adults, and it is among the most lethal of all cancers. Recent studies have shown that ligand activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma can induce differentiation and inhibit proliferation of several cancer cells. In this study, we have investigated whether one(More)