Petr Dědič

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Complete genomes of three isolates of Potato virus S (PVS) were cloned and sequenced. The PVS ORF-1 was characterized for the first time. It encodes a putative replication protein (RPT) that shares the highest homology (about 52%) with that of Blueberry scorch virus (BlScV). ORF-1 motifs, characteristic for carlaviruses were found for methyltransferase(More)
Potato virus A (PVA) was purified from mechanically infected plants Nicotiana tabacum cv Samsun by high speed centrifugation and subsequent isopycnic density gradient centrifugation in CsCl gradient. From different procedures tested 0.05 mol/l phosphate buffer (PBS) pH 8 seemed optimal for virus purification and 0.1 mol/l borate buffer pH 8.0 for virus(More)
Weed plants characteristic for potato and hop fields have not been considered in the past as potential hosts that could transmit and lead to spreading of potato spindle tuber (PSTVd) and hop stunt (HSVd) viroids, respectively. To gain insight into this problem, we biolistically inoculated these weed plants with viroid populations either as RNA or as cDNA.(More)
The nucleotide sequence was determined for Czech potato mop-top virus (PMTV) isolate Korneta-Nemilkov, found in the potato field situated in South Bohemia. The nucleotide and amino acid sequences were compared with other PMTV isolates available in databases. The sequence identity was always >99 % when Czech isolate RNA 2 and RNA 3 sequences were compared(More)
Complex formation between different antisense RNAs directed against either plus-strand or minus-strand sequences of the potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) was studied using temperature-gradient gel electrophoresis and immunochemical detection with an antibody specific for double-stranded RNA. Short minus-strand sequences were directed against the upper(More)
Thermal stress of PSTVd-infected Nicotiana benthamiana led to appearance of a broad PSTVd sequence distribution, where most of mutations accumulated in the left half of the viroid's secondary structure including the "pathogenicity" domain. A similar effect had been reported for hop latent viroid [Virology 287 (2001) 349]. The pool of viroid "thermomutants"(More)
A polyspecific antiserum against protein extracted from PSTV-infected tomato leaves was prepared and the IgGs were separated by affinity chromatography on a beaded cellulose adsorbent with an immobilized “healthy” antigen. The antibody not adsorbed entered into a preferential reaction with the antigen from PSTV-infected leaves as estimated by an(More)
The complete genomes of three Czech isolates VIRUBRA 1/045, VIRUBRA 1/046, and VIRUBRA 1/047 of Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) were sequenced and compared with 13 complete sequences of PLRV isolates available in GenBank. Among the Czech isolates, VIRUBRA 1/046 and 1/047 showed the highest nucleotide (nt) identity (98.7%). PLRV was the most conserved virus in(More)
The success of DNA expression microarrays has been followed by applications of this technology to molecular diagnosis, mainly in the fields of biology and medicine. The experiments described below apply microarray diagnosis to agriculture. This report presents results of field tests for a DNA microarray designed to diagnose major viral potato pathogens. The(More)
DNA microarray assay has become a useful tool for gene expression studies. Less frequent is its application to detection of viruses or diagnostics of virus diseases. Here we show design of a microscope slide-based microarray assay for simultaneous identification of several potato viruses. Different primer pairs were designed or adopted to obtain specific(More)