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Biodiversity of most dead wood-dependent organisms in thermophilic temperate oak woodlands thrives on diversity of open landscape structures
Oak and mixed deciduous forests with oaks are the most widespread woodland types in the central European lowlands. The aim of this study was to analyse how the biodiversity of saproxylic organismsExpand
Review and identification of the cuckoo bees of central Europe (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Sphecodes )
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Phylogeny of the bees of the family Apidae based on larval characters with focus on the origin of cleptoparasitism (Hymenoptera: Apiformes)
Abstract Fifty‐four genera of the bee family Apidae comprising almost all tribes were analysed based on 77 traditional and one new character of the mature larvae. Nine, especially cleptoparasiticExpand
Review and identification of the cuckoo bees of central Europe (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Sphecodes )
We reviewed nomenclature, biology, hosts, geographical distribution and compiled an identification key for all 33 Sphe- codes Latreille, 1804 species known from central Europe. The identification keyExpand
Generalist cuckoo bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Sphecodes) are species-specialist at the individual level
Intensive and incessant arms races between a parasite and its host are generally expected to lead to parasite specialization. Nevertheless, some parasitic species still successfully attack wideExpand
European bees of the genera Epeolus Latreille, 1802 and Triepeolus Robertson, 1901 (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Nomadinae: Epeolini): taxonomy, identification key, distribution, and ecology.
Seventeen species of Epeolus Latreille, 1802 and one species of Triepeolus Robertson, 1901 have been recorded from Europe. Members of these genera are cuckoo bees, cleptoparasites that appropriateExpand
Czech ethanol-free propolis extract displays inhibitory activity against a broad spectrum of bacterial and fungal pathogens.
Propolis acts primarily as a biocide against invasive bacteria and fungi in the hive, suggesting its potential for industrial applications. In food application, propolis is considered as a chemicalExpand
To enrich or not to enrich? Are there any benefits of using multiple colors of pan traps when sampling aculeate Hymenoptera?
The decline of Aculeata has raised concerns regarding their conservation and the maintenance of their function as important pollinators. Pan trapping is among the most frequently used methods forExpand
Reed galls serve as an underestimated but critically important resource for an assemblage of aculeate hymenopterans
Common reed (Phragmites australis) beds are frequently considered as aggressive and invasive, being subject to numerous conservation management efforts aimed at their eradication by repeated mowingExpand
Flexible Host Choice and Common Host Switches in the Evolution of Generalist and Specialist Cuckoo Bees (Anthophila: Sphecodes)
Specialization makes resource use more efficient and should therefore be a common process in animal evolution. However, this process is not as universal in nature as one might expect. Our study showsExpand
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