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Functional recovery following sciatic, tibial, and peroneal nerve injury was assessed over a 1-year period using walking track analysis in the rat. Internal neurolysis did not affect nerve function. Crush injury induced a temporary, but complete, loss of function that recovered to control levels by 4 weeks. Nerve transection resulted in complete loss of(More)
The ability of small nerve segments interposed between synthetic conduits to increase the total nerve gap distance across which successful nerve regeneration would occur was studied. Fifty adult male Lewis rats were randomized into five groups. In Group I a segment of resected sciatic nerve was repaired by a nerve graft. Group II had alternating silicone(More)
The degree of self-mutilation (autotomy) following sciatic nerve injury was assessed in 6 rat strains. Experimental groups included sciatic nerve transection with and without repair and crush lesions. The degree of autotomy was measured using a standard grading system. There were statistically significant differences between the strains in the transected(More)
Functional assessment of rat sciatic, tibial, and peroneal nerve injuries was performed using walking track analysis. Individual walking print length (PL), toe spread (TS), and intermediate toe spread (ITS) values were measured up to 24 weeks after specific nerve transection, with or without repair. Sciatic and tibial nerve manipulation initially affected(More)
The development of a nerve bank as a source of donor material to repair large defects in peripheral nerve injuries requires an understanding of the influence of cold storage on cell viability and function in these potential nerve grafts. Segments of peripheral nerves from both human and rat were stored in University of Wisconsin Cold Storage Solution (UW)(More)
The efficacy of short-term immunosuppression in a nerve allograft model was examined by comparing regeneration across peripheral nerve allografts with either temporary (12 weeks) or continuous (30 weeks) cyclosporin A treatment. One-hundred fifty Lewis rats received 2-cm nerve grafts from allogeneic ACI or syngeneic Lewis rat donors and were allocated to(More)
Selective reinnervation was studied by comparing the regeneration across a conventional neurorraphy versus a conduit nerve repair. Lewis rats underwent right sciatic nerve transection followed by one of four different nerve repairs (n = 8/group). In groups I and II a conventional neurorraphy was performed and in groups III and IV the proximal and distal(More)
Recovery of function is of prime importance after peripheral nerve injury and repair. This paper describes a method of obtaining and measuring walking-tracks and generating a Sciatic Function Index (SFI) to quantify functional sciatic nerve recovery in the rat. The reader is provided with a series of walking-tracks to measure, analyze and compare to those(More)
One hundred and forty male rats received a cryoinjury to a segment of the exposed sciatic nerve. A variety of temperatures and freeze patterns was used and the recovery of function was monitored. Where obvious nerve freezing occurred, the cryoinjury caused complete loss of function in the limb. The return of motor activity was first noted at 25 days (mean)(More)