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The formation of malonyl-CoA is catalyzed by acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), the rate-limiting enzyme of de novo fatty acid synthesis. Monitoring the changes of malonyl-CoA concentration in the brain in response to treatments such as pharmaceutical intervention (via ACC inhibitors) or different dietary conditions (such as varied feeding regimes) is of great(More)
Metabolomics, also referred to in the literature as metabonomics, is a relatively new systems biology tool for drug discovery and development and is increasingly being used to obtain a detailed picture of a drug's effect on the body. Metabolomics is the qualitative assessment and relative or absolute quantitative measurement of the endogenous metabolome,(More)
The overnight (16-h) fast is one of the most common experimental manipulations performed in rodent studies. Despite its ubiquitous employment, a comprehensive evaluation of metabolomic and transcriptomic sequelae of fasting in conjunction with routine clinical pathology evaluation has not been undertaken. This study assessed the impact of a 16-h fast on(More)
INTRODUCTION Published evidence suggests that phosphoinositide 3 kinase-β (PI3K-β) plays an important role in platelet aggregation and shear activation. TGX-221 is a selective PI3K-β inhibitor with a good separation of anti-thrombotic efficacy and bleeding (therapeutic index) in rats. Our goal was to further evaluate potential of a PI3K-β inhibitor as an(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a globally widespread disease of increasing clinical significance. The pathological progression of the disease from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has been well defined, however, the contribution of altered branched chain amino acid metabolomic profiles to the progression of NAFLD is not(More)
In the present study, an open-label, three-treatment, three-period clinical study of rosuvastatin (RSV) and rifampicin (RIF) when administered alone and in combination was conducted in 12 male healthy subjects to determine if coproporphyrin I (CP-I) and coproporphyrin III (CP-III) could serve as clinical biomarkers for organic anion transporting polypeptide(More)
Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Mass Spectrometry (FTMS) provides the highest mass accuracy and mass resolving power of the currently available mass spectrometers. One of the main drawbacks in its use for absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) applications has been its incompatibility with standard HPLC columns and flow rates. Hybrid(More)
BACKGROUND The application of high-resolution LC-MS metabolomics for drug candidate toxicity screening reflects phenotypic changes of an organism caused by induced chemical interferences. Its success depends not only on the ability to translate the acquired analytical information into biological knowledge, but also on the timely delivery of the results to(More)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin-9 (PCSK9) inhibition markedly augments the LDL lowering action of statins. The combination is being evaluated for long-term effects on atherosclerotic disease outcomes. However, effects of combined treatment on hepatic cholesterol and bile acid metabolism have not yet been reported. To study this, PCSK9-Y119X mutant(More)
Triple quadrupole mass spectrometers are generally considered the instrument of choice for quantitative analysis. However, for the analysis of large peptides we have encountered some cases where, as the data presented here would indicate, ion trap mass spectrometers may be a good alternative. In general, specificity and sensitivity in bioanalytical liquid(More)