Peter van der Ley

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Pathogenic mycobacteria have the ability to persist in phagocytic cells and to suppress the immune system. The glycolipid lipoarabinomannan (LAM), in particular its mannose cap, has been shown to inhibit phagolysosome fusion and to induce immunosuppressive IL-10 production via interaction with the mannose receptor or DC-SIGN. Hence, the current paradigm is(More)
Neisseria meningitidis strains express a diverse range of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) structures that have been classified into 12 immunotypes. A feature of meningococcal LPS is the reversible, high-frequency switching of expression (phase variation) of terminal LPS structures. A number of studies are strongly suggestive of a key role for these terminal(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide and phospholipid biosynthesis takes place at the inner membrane. How the completed lipid molecules are subsequently transported to the outer membrane remains unknown. Omp85 of Neisseria meningitidis is representative for a family of outer membrane proteins conserved among Gram-negative bacteria. We first(More)
The pili of Neisseria meningitidis are a key virulence factor, being major adhesins of this capsulate organism that contribute to specificity for the human host. Recently it has been reported that meningococcal pili are post-translationally modified by the addition of an O-linked trisaccharide, Gal (beta1-4) Gal (alpha1-3)(More)
Helminths and their products can suppress the host immune response which may benefit parasite survival. Trichinella spiralis can establish chronic infections in a wide range of mammalian hosts including humans and mice. Here, we aim at studying the effect of T. spiralis muscle larvae excretory/secretory products (TspES) on the functionality of DC and T cell(More)
T cells may interact with a number of bacterial surface antigens, an encounter which has the potential to downmodulate host immune responses. Neisseria meningitidis, a human colonizer and an agent of septicemia and meningitis, expresses Opa proteins which interact with the CEACAM1 receptor expressed on activated T cells. Since CEACAM1 can act as an(More)
Two genes homologous to lpxL and lpxM from Escherichia coli and other gram-negative bacteria, which are involved in lipid A acyloxyacylation, were identified in Neisseria meningitidis strain H44/76 and insertionally inactivated. Analysis by tandem mass spectrometry showed that one of the resulting mutants, termed lpxL1, makes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with(More)
The meningococcal iron-limitation-inducible outer membrane protein FrpB (FetA) has been shown to induce bactericidal antibodies, and is, therefore, considered a vaccine candidate. However, these antibodies are strain specific and, consistently, epitope mapping showed that they are directed against a region, located in a surface-exposed loop, L5, that(More)
The opacity (Opa) proteins of pathogenic Neisseria spp. are adhesins, which play an important role in adhesion and invasion of host cells. Most members of this highly variable family of outer membrane proteins can bind to the human carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs). Several studies have identified the Opa-binding region on(More)