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The following article presents a Mash-up Personal Learning Environment called ReMashed that recommends items from the emerging information of a Learning Network. In ReMashed users can specify certain Web 2.0 services and combine them in a Mash-Up Personal Learning Environment. The users can rate information from an emerging amount of Web 2.0 information of(More)
The objective of this paper is to introduce a standards-based model for adaptive e-learning and to investigate the conditions and tools required by authors to implement this model. Adaptation in the context of e-learning is about creating a learner experience that purposely adjusts to various conditions over a period of time with the intention of increasing(More)
The introduction of elearning often leads to an increase in the time staff spends on tutoring. To alleviate the workload of staff tutors, we developed a model for organizing and supporting learner related interactions in elearning systems. It makes use of the knowledge and experience of peers and builds on the assumption that (lifelong) learners, when(More)
This article describes a framework for the integration of e-Learning services. There is a need for this type of integration in general, but the presented solution was a direct result of work done on the IMS Learning Design specification (LD). This specification relies heavily on other specifications and services. The presented architecture is described(More)
E-learners require activities and content based on their preferences and prior knowledge, not merely fully static, page-turning sequences. In this paper we present a framework that integrates and supports two approaches towards adaptation to the learner needs – design and runtime adaptation. The framework is based on IMS Learning Design (IMS LD). IMS LD(More)
To enhance users' social embedding within learning networks, we propose to establish ad hoc transient communities. These communities serve a particular goal, exist for a limited period of time and operate according to specific social exchange policies that foster knowledge sharing. This paper explores the theoretical underpinnings of such communities. To(More)
Tutors have only limited time to support the learning process. In this paper we introduce a model that helps to answer the questions of students. It invokes the knowledge and skills of fellow-students, who jointly form an ad hoc, transient community. The paper situates the model within the context of a Learning Network, a self-organized, distributed system,(More)
A Learning Network is an ensemble of individual users, institutions and learning resources which are mutually connected through and supported by information and communication technologies. Learning Networks are particularly attractive to self-directed learners, who themselves decide on their learning programme as well as on the timing, pace and place of(More)
Formative feedback can provide information about how learners develop their competences in a knowledge domain. This information can determine learners' progress and is essential in suggesting remedial actions which overcome gaps in knowledge. Finding this information, however, is a time consuming task. This paper elaborates the theoretical background of(More)