Peter van Kerkhof

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All members of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family contain at least one copy of the NPXY sequence within their cytoplasmic tails. For the LDL receptor, it has been demonstrated that the NPXY motif serves as a signal for rapid endocytosis through coated pits. Thus, it is generally believed that the NPXY sequences function as endocytosis signals(More)
The ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation system has recently been implicated in downregulation of signal transducing receptors. Growth hormone receptor (GHR) cDNA was transfected into Chinese hamster ovary cells, which exhibit a temperature-sensitive defect in ubiquitin conjugation (CHO-ts20), as well as into wild-type cells (CHO-E36). Upon binding of(More)
Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is an endocytic recycling receptor with two cytoplasmic tyrosine-based basolateral sorting signals. Here we show that during biosynthetic trafficking LRP1 uses AP1B adaptor complex to move from a post-TGN recycling endosome (RE) to the basolateral membrane. Then it recycles basolaterally from the(More)
The ubiquitin conjugation system is involved in ligand-induced endocytosis of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) via a cytosolic 10-amino acid ubiquitin-dependent endocytosis motif. Herein, we demonstrate that the proteasome is also involved in growth hormone receptor down-regulation. Ligand-induced degradation was blocked in the presence of specific(More)
The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein (LRP) is a multiligand endocytic receptor and a member of the LDL receptor family. Here we show that sorting nexin 17 (Snx 17) is part of the cellular sorting machinery that regulates cell surface levels of LRP by promoting its recycling. While the phox (PX) domain of Snx 17 interacts with(More)
Accumulation of extracellular amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), generated from amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing by beta- and gamma-secretases, is toxic to neurons and is central to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Production of Abeta from APP is greatly affected by the subcellular localization and trafficking of APP. Here we have identified a(More)
Growth hormone receptor (GHR) endocytosis is a highly regulated process that depends on the binding and activity of the multimeric ubiquitin ligase, SCF(βTrCP) (Skp Cullin F-box). Despite a specific interaction between β-transducin repeat-containing protein (βTrCP) and the GHR, and a strict requirement for ubiquitination activity, the receptor is not an(More)
We have sought to identify a high-capacity transport system that mediates transcytosis of proteins from the blood to the brain. The 39 kDa receptor-associated protein (RAP) functions as a specialized endoplasmic reticulum chaperone assisting in the folding and trafficking of members of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family. RAP efficiently binds(More)
The regulatory effect of growth hormone (GH) on its target cells is mediated via the GH receptor (GHR). GH binding to the GHR results in the formation of a GH-(GHR)(2) complex and the initiation of signal transduction cascades via the activation of the tyrosine kinase JAK2. Subsequent endocytosis and transport to the lysosome of the ligand-receptor complex(More)
Endocytosis of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) depends on a functional ubiquitin conjugation system. A 10-amino acid residue motif within the GHR cytosolic tail (the ubiquitin-dependent endocytosis motif) is involved in both GHR ubiquitination and endocytosis. As shown previously, ubiquitination of the receptor itself is not required. In this paper(More)