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The nucleotide sequences of the nucleoprotein (N) genes of seven tospovirus isolates representing three serogroups were determined and used to establish phylogenetic parameters to delineate species within the Tospovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae. A high sequence divergence (55.9% identity at the nucleotide level) was observed between isolates of serogroup I(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the S RNA of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) was determined. The RNA is 2916 nucleotides long and has an ambisense coding strategy. The sequence contains two open reading frames (ORFs), one in the viral sense which encodes a protein with a predicted Mr of 52.4K and one in the viral complementary sense which encodes the(More)
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV) shares a number of properties with tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), the type species of the genus tospovirus within the family Bunyaviridae. INSV, however, differs from TSWV in plant host range and serology. In order to define the genomic structure and the taxonomic status of this TSWV-like virus, the nucleotide(More)
The complete sequence of the tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) M RNA segment has been determined. The RNA is 4821 nucleotides long and has an ambisense coding strategy similar to that of the S RNA segment. The M RNA segment contains two open reading frames (ORFs), one in the viral sense which encodes a protein with a predicted size of 33.6K, and one in the(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the large (L) genome segment of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) has been determined. The RNA is 8897 nucleotides long and contains complementary 3' and 5' ends, comprising 62 nucleotides at the 5' end and 66 nucleotides at the 3' end. The RNA is of negative polarity, with one large open reading frame (ORF) located on the(More)
PURPOSE Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) were monitored during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair to assess spinal cord ischemia and evaluate the subsequent protective strategies to prevent neurologic deficit. METHODS Between January 1996 and December 1997, 52 consecutive patients with type I (n = 24) and type II (n = 28) TAAA underwent surgery(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare transcranial motor evoked potentials (tc-MEPs) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) as indicators of spinal cord function during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Somatosensory evoked potentials reflect conduction in dorsal columns. tc-MEPs represent anterior horn motor neuron function. This is(More)
RNA silencing or interference (RNAi) is a gene regulation mechanism in eukaryotes that controls cell differentiation and developmental processes via expression of microRNAs. RNAi also serves as an innate antiviral defence response in plants, nematodes, and insects. This antiviral response is triggered by virus-specific double-stranded RNA molecules (dsRNAs)(More)
The synthesis of viral RNA species in tomato spotted wilt virus-infected Nicotiana rustica plants was followed in terms of time and relative abundance. Systemic symptoms were visible after 4 days postinoculation (p.i.), but viral (v) and viral-complementary (vc) strands of all three genomic RNA segments [large (L) RNA, medium (M) RNA and small (S) RNA] were(More)
The open reading frame located in the viral strand of the ambisense S RNA of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), was cloned into transfer vector pAc33DZ1 and inserted downstream of the polyhedrin promoter in the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus genome. Recombinant baculoviruses were obtained that showed a high-level expression of a 52.4-kDa(More)