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Tuberization in potato is a complex developmental process involving the expression of a specific set of genes leading to the synthesis of tuber proteins. We here report the cloning and analysis of mRNAs encoding tuber proteins. From a potato tuber cDNA library four different recombinants were isolated which hybridized predominantly with tuber mRNAs.(More)
RNA silencing or interference (RNAi) is a gene regulation mechanism in eukaryotes that controls cell differentiation and developmental processes via expression of microRNAs. RNAi also serves as an innate antiviral defence response in plants, nematodes, and insects. This antiviral response is triggered by virus-specific double-stranded RNA molecules (dsRNAs)(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the nucleoprotein (N) genes of seven tospovirus isolates representing three serogroups were determined and used to establish phylogenetic parameters to delineate species within the Tospovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae. A high sequence divergence (55.9% identity at the nucleotide level) was observed between isolates of serogroup I(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the large (L) genome segment of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) has been determined. The RNA is 8897 nucleotides long and contains complementary 3' and 5' ends, comprising 62 nucleotides at the 5' end and 66 nucleotides at the 3' end. The RNA is of negative polarity, with one large open reading frame (ORF) located on the(More)
PURPOSE Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) were monitored during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair to assess spinal cord ischemia and evaluate the subsequent protective strategies to prevent neurologic deficit. METHODS Between January 1996 and December 1997, 52 consecutive patients with type I (n = 24) and type II (n = 28) TAAA underwent surgery(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare transcranial motor evoked potentials (tc-MEPs) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) as indicators of spinal cord function during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Somatosensory evoked potentials reflect conduction in dorsal columns. tc-MEPs represent anterior horn motor neuron function. This is(More)
Appropriately regulated gene expression requires a suitable promoter. A number of promoters have been isolated and shown to be functional in plants, but only a few of them activate transcription of transgenes at high levels constitutively. We report here the cloning and characterization of a novel, constitutively expressed promoter isolated from Cestrum(More)
The open reading frame located in the viral strand of the ambisense S RNA of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), was cloned into transfer vector pAc33DZ1 and inserted downstream of the polyhedrin promoter in the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus genome. Recombinant baculoviruses were obtained that showed a high-level expression of a 52.4-kDa(More)
Besides renal failure and mesenteric infarction, spinal cord ischemia is the most dreaded complication after thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. Several techniques have been developed to improve neurologic outcome of these massive surgical procedures, including pharmacologic adjuncts, epidural cooling, distal aortic perfusion, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, and(More)
BACKGROUND The recurrent failure of apparently promising neuroprotective drugs to improve outcome in trials of patients with acute ischaemic stroke may partially be explained by over-optimistic conclusions about efficacy as a result of methodological shortcomings in preclinical studies. We assessed the methodological quality of animal studies of five(More)