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The sfp gene is required for cells of Bacillus subtilis to become producers of the lipopeptide antibiotic surfactin. sfp was isolated and its nucleotide sequence was determined. sfp was expressed in Escherichia coli and its putative product was purified for use in antibody production and in amino acid sequence analysis. The gene was plasmid-amplified in B.(More)
The Spx protein of Bacillus subtilis represses activator-stimulated transcription by interacting with the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase (RNAP) alpha subunit. Its concentration increases in cells lacking the ATP-dependent protease, ClpXP, resulting in severe effects on growth and developmental processes. Microarray analysis was undertaken to identify(More)
Few studies of microbial biogeography address variability across both multiple habitats and multiple seasons. Here we examine the spatial and temporal variability of bacterioplankton community composition of the Columbia River coastal margin using 16S amplicon pyrosequencing of 300 water samples collected in 2007 and 2008. Communities separated into seven(More)
The spore-forming bacterium and model prokaryotic genetic system, Bacillus subtilis, is extremely useful in the study of oxidative stress management through proteomic and genome-wide transcriptomic analyses, as well as through detailed structural studies of the regulatory factors that govern the oxidative stress response. The factors that sense oxidants and(More)
Transcriptional activator proteins in bacteria often operate by interaction with the C-terminal domain of the alpha-subunit of RNA polymerase (RNAP). Here we report the discovery of an "anti-alpha" factor Spx in Bacillus subtilis that blocks transcriptional activation by binding to the alpha-C-terminal domain, thereby interfering with the capacity of RNAP(More)
Catechol and 2-methylhydroquinone (2-MHQ) cause the induction of the thiol-specific stress response and four dioxygenases/glyoxalases in Bacillus subtilis. Using transcription factor arrays, the MarR-type regulator YkvE was identified as a repressor of the dioxygenase/glyoxalase-encoding mhqE gene. Transcriptional and proteome analyses of the DeltaykvE(More)
In Bacillus subtilis the abrB gene product negatively affects the transcription of some genes activated during the transition from vegetative to stationary phase of growth. Interaction of AbrB with the promoters of two such genes, spoVG, a sporulation gene, and tycA, an antibiotic biosynthesis gene, was studied by DNase I and hydroxyl radical footprinting.(More)
Spx, a global transcription regulator in Bacillus subtilis, interacts with the C-terminal domain of the alpha subunit (alphaCTD) of RNA polymerase to control gene expression under conditions of disulfide stress, which is sensed by disulfide bond formation between Spx residues C10 and C13. Here, we describe the crystal structure of the B. subtilis alphaCTD(More)
The Spx protein of Bacillus subtilis exerts both positive and negative transcriptional control in response to oxidative stress by interacting with the C-terminal domain of the RNA polymerase (RNAP) alpha subunit (alphaCTD). Thus, transcription of the srf operon at the onset of competence development, which requires the ComA response regulator of the ComPA(More)