Peter Zarb

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All 27 EU member states and another seven countries participate in the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC) project. ESAC carried out three hospital point-prevalence surveys on antimicrobial use. Point-prevalence surveys linked antimicrobial use to indication and also assessed dosing using a standardized methodology for data collection(More)
BACKGROUND Antimicrobials are the most common medicines prescribed to children, but very little is known about patterns of hospital paediatric antimicrobial prescribing. This study aimed at describing paediatric antimicrobial prescribing in European hospitals to identify targets for quality improvement. METHODS The European Surveillance of Antibiotic(More)
OBJECTIVES Since electronic prescribing is limited to few hospitals, point prevalence surveys, such as the standardized European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption point prevalence survey (ESAC PPS), are an alternative tool for monitoring prescribing and helping to identify performance indicators and prescribing trends. The main objective of this(More)
A standardised methodology for a combined point prevalence survey (PPS) on healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals developed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control was piloted across Europe. Variables were collected at national, hospital and patient level in 66 hospitals from 23(More)
Antibiotics have increased life expectancy. Self-medication, even over the Internet, occurs in many countries where antibiotics are classified as prescription-only medicines. Collateral damage caused by antibiotic use includes resistance, which could be reduced if the inappropriate use of antibiotics that takes place globally, especially in low-income(More)
The study aimed to identify targets for quality improvement in antifungal use in European hospitals and determine the variability of such prescribing. Hospitals that participated in the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption Point Prevalence Surveys (ESAC-PPS) were included. The WHO Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification for(More)
Antimicrobial resistance has become a global threat to effective health care delivery. This is particularly the case within the Mediterranean region, where data from recent studies suggests the situation to be particularly acute. A better knowledge base, as well as a collaborative effort, is therefore required to address this ever increasing challenge to(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to provide insight into possible antibiotic drivers of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Escherichia coli resistant to third-generation cephalosporins (3GCREC) in southern and eastern Mediterranean institutions. METHODS MRSA and 3GCREC susceptibility proportions from 19 regional hospitals, previously(More)
OBJECTIVES The intensity of antibiotic use in hospital settings is recognized as possibly the most important factor for the selection of antimicrobial resistance. Hospitals are therefore being encouraged to undertake surveillance and benchmarking of antimicrobial consumption patterns with a view to identify and rectify possible evidence of overuse or(More)
The study aimed to assess 75% of drug utilization (DU75%) in participating hospitals and identify quality indicators which should be used to monitor performance within the hospitals. In the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC; project anatomic therapeutic chemical (ATC), defined daily dose (DDD) and route of(More)