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The study of metal-insulator transitions (MITs) in crystalline solids is a subject of paramount importance, both from the fundamental point of view and for its relevance to the transport properties of materials. Recently, a MIT governed by disorder was observed in crystalline phase-change materials. Here we report on calculations employing density(More)
The time-resolved ultrafast electric field-driven response of crystalline and amorphous GeSbTe films has been measured all-optically, pumping with single-cycle terahertz pulses as a means of biasing phase-change materials on a sub-picosecond timescale. Utilizing the near-band-gap transmission as a probe of the electronic and structural response below the(More)
Ultrathin semiconductors on metals constitute color filters, which selectively absorb wavelength ranges of incident light. This paper demonstrates that these coatings are attractive for tunable color devices by reversibly switching ultrathin phase-change materials on gold between two colors with femtosecond laser pulses. The optical contrast is enhanced(More)
Recently, phase-change materials (PCMs) have gained a lot of interest in the field of active metamaterials and plasmonics due to their switchable optical properties. In the infrared spectral range the huge contrast in the refractive index between an amorphous and a crystalline phase can be employed for nonvolatile tuning of nanoantenna or metasurface(More)
A Calvet-type differential scanning calorimeter has been implemented on a synchrotron beamline devoted to X-ray absorption spectroscopy. As a case study, the complex crystallization process in amorphous Ge(15)Sb(85) phase-change material is followed by simultaneous calorimetric and quick-EXAFS measurements. A first crystallization at 514(1) K is related to(More)
Two-dimensional materials are subject to intrinsic and dynamic rippling that modulates their optoelectronic and electromechanical properties. Here, we directly visualize the dynamics of these processes within monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide MoS2 using femtosecond electron scattering techniques as a real-time probe with atomic-scale resolution. We(More)
The interactions between electrons and lattice vibrations are fundamental to materials behaviour. In the case of group IV-VI, V and related materials, these interactions are strong, and the materials exist near electronic and structural phase transitions. The prototypical example is PbTe whose incipient ferroelectric behaviour has been recently associated(More)
The technical implementation of a multi-MHz data acquisition scheme for laser-X-ray pump-probe experiments with pulse limited temporal resolution (100 ps) is presented. Such techniques are very attractive to benefit from the high-repetition rates of X-ray pulses delivered from advanced synchrotron radiation sources. Exploiting a synchronized 3.9 MHz laser(More)
Pump-probe optical reflectivity and terahertz transmission measurements have been used to investigate time resolved sub-threshold photo-induced effects in crystalline and amorphous GeSbTe films at MHz repetition rates. The reflectivity in both phases exhibits long-lived modulations consistent with the sign of the changes that occur upon switching but of(More)