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The purpose of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-rater reliability of assessing upper limb postures of workers performing manufacturing tasks. Assessment of neck, shoulder, and wrist postures of 20 manufacturing employees was conducted by two raters observing digital video files using Multimedia Video Task Analysis (MVTA). Generalizability(More)
Stress management (SM) subject matter experts (SMEs) evaluated 6 widely used occupational SM interventions (relaxation, physical fitness, cognitive restructuring, meditation, assertiveness training, and stress inoculation) on the basis of 10 practicality criteria and 7 effectiveness objectives. Relaxation was evaluated overall as the most practical(More)
Although under-reporting of work-related injuries by workers is recognized as a significant problem in construction and other industries, little is known about the specific reasons for such occurrences. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used in this study to (a) identify reasons why construction workers may choose not to report work-related(More)
IN 2006, A TOTAL OF 5,840 FATAL occupational injuries occurred in private industry in the U.S. (BLS, 2008). In addition, 4.1 million nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses were reported, which means that 4.4 nonfatal occupational injuries or illnesses were reported for every 100 full-time-equivalent workers in the U.S. Rosenman, Kalush, Reilly, et al.(More)
This article presents a case study describing practical and scientific strategies that were applied to assess human–computer interaction, with the foci on software content development (i.e., content validation and interface comparisons), evaluation (i.e., different types of criteria, effect sizes, effect ratios, targeted goals met), and user acceptability.(More)
Gender-variant-based victimization is victimization based on the way others perceive an individual to convey masculine, feminine, and androgynous characteristics through their appearance, mannerisms, and behaviors. Previous work identifies gender-variant-based victimization as a risk factor for health-risking outcomes among same-sex attracted youths. The(More)
Transformational and transactional leadership have been associated with numerous positive safety outcomes , such as improved safety climate, increased safety behaviors, and decreased accidents and injuries. However, leadership is a complex, multidimensional construct, and there is reason to suspect that different facets of leadership may affect safety in(More)
There are errors in Table 6, " Results of logistic regression models to test hypothesis 2 and 3. " Please see the corrected Table 6 here. In addition, the authors have provided an updated S1 File, as the original file includes data for variables unrelated to this article. Please view the corrected file below. S1 File. This is the Dataset File. This file(More)
BACKGROUND Current smokers exhibit a higher rate of betel-quid chewing than non-smokers. However, little is known regarding the extent to which betel-quid chewing may affect attempts to quit smoking and smoking cessation. The aim of the present study is to examine the association between betel-quid chewing and patterns of quitting smoking. Specifically, we(More)
OBJECTIVE An expert panel was convened to select practical, valid psychosocial measures for use during National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health field investigations. METHODS A taxonomy of psychosocial constructs was developed using existing taxonomies and criteria regarding the malleability, actionability, and validity of constructs. Panel(More)