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Sphinx-4 is a flexible, modular and pluggable framework to help foster new innovations in the core research of hidden Markov model (HMM) recognition systems. The design of Sphinx-4 is based on patterns that have emerged from the design of past systems as well as new requirements based on areas that researchers currently want to explore. To exercise this(More)
It is generally accepted that augmented feedback, provided by a human expert or a technical display, effectively enhances motor learning. However, discussion of the way to most effectively provide augmented feedback has been controversial. Related studies have focused primarily on simple or artificial tasks enhanced by visual feedback. Recently, technical(More)
In literary accounts of epilepsy the aura has a prominent place as the subjective aspect of the seizure experience. Descriptions by authors with their own aura experiences stand out by their precision and authenticity. Many different aura types are mentioned, but the ecstatic aura described by Dostoyevsky has received particular attention and is echoed in(More)
BACKGROUND Topical photodynamic therapy with endogenous porphyrins consists of irradiation of a tumor with visible light after the application of exogenous 5-aminolevulinic acid. OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of this modality, patients with precancerous conditions and various skin cancers were treated. METHODS Thirteen patients with 70 skin(More)
The objective is to develop a non-invasive automatic method for detection of epileptic seizures with motor manifestations. Ten healthy subjects who simulated seizures and one patient participated in the study. Surface electromyography (sEMG) and motion sensor features were extracted as energy measures of reconstructed sub-bands from the discrete wavelet(More)
PURPOSE There is increasing awareness that reflex epileptic mechanisms provide unique insight into ictogenesis in human epilepsies. Several of the described triggers have in common that they imply complex visuomotor coordination and decision-making; they are today regarded as variations of one principle, i.e. praxis induction (PI). This focused review(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) causes morbidity and/or disfigurement in some patients because of the location (e.g. mid-face) and size of the lesion. OBJECTIVES Following reports that such difficult-to-treat BCC lesions have been treated successfully with topical methyl aminolaevulinate (MAL) photodynamic therapy (PDT), a(More)
Sphinx-4 is an open source HMM-based speech recognition system written in the Java™ programming language. The design of the Sphinx-4 decoder incorporates several new features in response to current demands on HMM-based large vocabulary systems. Some new design aspects include graph construction for multilevel parallel decoding with multiple feature streams(More)
Little is known about the impact of supraspinal centers on the control of human locomotion. Analyzing brain activity can help to clarify their impact and to improve the effects of locomotor training. A fMRI-compatible pneumatic robotic device is presented that can generate freely programmable, highly repetitive periodic active and passive leg movements(More)