Peter Winkler

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Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we have evaluated the anatomical location of the motor hand area. The segment of the precentral gyrus that most often contained motor hand function was a knob-like structure, that is shaped like an omega or epsilon in the axial plane and like a hook in the sagittal plane. On the cortical surface of cadaver(More)
OBJECT The indications for cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy are cosmetic repair and, mainly, restoration of cerebral protection. Although neurological improvement after cranioplasty is repeatedly noted, the reasons for this remain unclear. Few observations concerning the impact of cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamic and/or atmospheric pressure have(More)
Cortical dysplasias comprise a variable spectrum of clinical, neuroradiological and histopathological findings. We report about a cohort of 25 pediatric patients (mean age 8.1±4.8 years) with severe drug-resistant early onset focal epilepsies (mean duration 2.1±0.4 years), mental/psychomotor retardation, and multilobar epileptogenesis. Compared to(More)
While the fundamental and clinical contribution of direct electrical stimulation (DES) of the brain is now well acknowledged, its advantages and limitations have not been re-evaluated for a long time. Here, we critically review exactly what DES can tell us about cerebral function. First, we show that DES is highly sensitive for detecting the cortical and(More)
In den letzten Jahren wird zunehmend diskutiert, daß die 1981 vorgestellte Klassifikation epileptischer Anfälle der Internationalen Liga gegen Epilepsie revisionsbedürftig ist. Insbesondere von epilepsiechirurgisch tätigen Zentren wurden Verbesserungsvorschläge gemacht. Die hier vorgestellte semiologische Anfallsklassifikation basiert ausschließlich auf(More)
Three-dimensional (3-D) images of 14 patients, in whom subdural electrodes were implanted for epilepsy surgery evaluation, were produced by fusing computerized tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance images (MRI) to determine the exact location of the electrodes. In 25% (198 of 806) of the subdural electrodes an exact location for resection strategy(More)
Two cases of sudden death due to colloid cysts of the third ventricle are presented with a review of the literature. In the first case, a 40-year-old woman suffered an acute onset of severe frontal headache after an intercontinental air flight. The next day, she was found comatous and died 7 h after admission to a hospital. In the second case, a 33-year-old(More)
PURPOSE Cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a frequent cause of epilepsy in childhood. Two major pathological variants are distinguished, FCD type I and II. The aim of the study was to characterize differences between FCD type I and II with respect to imaging and EEG findings, clinical and neuropsychological presentations, and surgical outcome. METHODS Forty(More)
The indications for cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy are cosmetic repair and, mainly, restoration of cerebral protection. Although neurological improvement after cranioplasty is repeatedly noted, the reasons for this still remain unclear. Few observations concerning the impact of CSF hydrodynamic and/or atmospheric pressure were published during(More)
We evaluated whether mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTE) and neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTE) can be distinguished on electroclinical grounds. One hundred and twenty-two consecutive MTE (n = 86) and NTE (n = 36) patients were included in this prospective study. All patients underwent prolonged EEG-video monitoring and high resolution(More)