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—A Probabilistic Data Association (PDA) method is proposed in this letter for multiuser detection over synchronous code-division multiple-access (CDMA) communication channels. PDA models the undecided user signals as binary random variables. By approximating the inter-user interference (IUI) as Gaussian noise with an appropriately elevated covariance(More)
In this paper, we investigate various channel estimators that exploit channel sparsity in the time and/or Doppler domain for a multicarrier underwater acoustic system. We use a path-based channel model, where the channel is described by a limited number of paths, each characterized by a delay, Doppler scale, and attenuation factor, and derive the exact(More)
Passive radar is a concept where illuminators of opportunity are used in a multistatic radar setup. New digital signals, like digital audio/video broadcast (DAB/DVB), are excellent candidates for this scheme, as they are widely available, can be easily decoded to acquire the noise-free signal, and employ orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM).(More)
In this article, we show that when targets are closely spaced, traditional tracking algorithms can be adjusted to perform better under a performance measure that disregards identity. More specifically, we propose an adjusted version of the joint probabilistic data association (JPDA) filter, which we call set JPDA (SJPDA). Through examples and theory we(More)
A multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar can improve system performance with waveform and spatial diversities. Mathematically, the multiple independent waveforms increase the dimension of signal space, so optimal transmission power allocation deserves investigation. The majority of the literature prefers to omit the effect of propagation attenuation,(More)
— In this paper, we propose to use nonbinary low density parity check (LDPC) codes to address two main issues in underwater acoustic OFDM communication: i) plain OFDM has poor performance in the presence of channel fading, and ii) OFDM transmission has a high peak-to-average-power ratio (PAPR). We propose new methods to construct nonbinary irregular LDPC(More)
In decentralized detection, local sensor observations have to be communicated to a fusion center through the wireless medium, inherently a multiple-access channel (MAC). As communication is bandwidth- and energy-constrained, it has been suggested to use the properties of the MAC to combine the sensor observations directly on the channel. Although this leads(More)
—Existing detection systems generally are operated using a fixed threshold and optimized to the Neyman–Pearson criterion. An alternative is Bayes detection, in which the threshold varies according to the ratio of prior probabilities. In a recursive target tracker such as the probabilistic data association filter (PDAF), such priors are available in the form(More)
—Recently, a power-law statistic operating on discrete Fourier transform (DFT) data has emerged as a basis for a remarkably robust detector of transient signals having unknown structure, location, and strength. In this paper, we offer a number of improvements to Nuttall's original power-law detector. Specifically, the power-law detector requires that its(More)