Peter Wiedemann

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Müller glial cells span the entire thickness of the tissue, and ensheath all retinal neurons, in vertebrate retinae of all species. This morphological relationship is reflected by a multitude of functional interactions between neurons and Müller cells, including a 'metabolic symbiosis' and the processing of visual information. Müller cells are also(More)
Müller cells are active players in normal retinal function and in virtually all forms of retinal injury and disease. Reactive Müller cells protect the tissue from further damage and preserve tissue function by the release of antioxidants and neurotrophic factors, and may contribute to retinal regeneration by the generation of neural progenitor/stem cells.(More)
The goal of this review is to present the current knowledge on specific growth factor involvement in posterior segment eye disease. Growth factors can be defined as multifunctional signals which modify cell growth or proliferation, alone or in concert, by binding to specific cell surface receptors. Their biological effects on cells include cell adhesion,(More)
ATP has been shown to be an important extracellular signaling molecule. There are two subgroups of receptors for ATP (and other purines and pyrimidines): the ionotropic P2X and the G-protein-coupled P2Y receptors. Different subtypes of these receptors have been identified by molecular biology, but little is known about their functional properties in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate noninferiority of a quarterly treatment regimen to a monthly regimen of ranibizumab in patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN A 12-month, multicenter, randomized, double-masked, active-controlled, phase IIIb study. PARTICIPANTS Patients with primary(More)
We compared the inward K+ currents of Müller glial cells from healthy and pathologically changed human retinas. To this purpose, the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique was performed on noncultured Müller cells acutely isolated from human retinas. Cells originated from retinas of four healthy organ donors and of 24 patients suffering from different(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate effectiveness, tolerability and safety of repeated intravitreal injections of 0.5 mg ranibizumab for the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration in routine medical practice in Germany. METHODS A noninterventional study with 3470 patients treated in 274 medical centres according to German guidelines, with monthly(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a silicone oil-RMN3 mixture ("heavy silicone oil") as heavier as water internal retinal tamponade after vitrectomy for complicated retinal detachment. The relative density of the heavier-than-water silicone oil was 1.03 g/cm3, and the viscosity was 3,800 cSt. Heavy silicone oil is designed to tamponade the(More)
The volume homeostasis of retinal glial cells is mediated by an autocrine purinergic mechanism of ion channel opening which is activated in response to a decrease in the extracellular osmolarity. Here, we show that erythropoietin (EPO) prevents the osmotic swelling of glial somata in retinal slices and of isolated glial cells from control and diabetic rats,(More)
PURPOSE Detachment of the neural retina from the pigment epithelium causes, in addition to photoreceptor deconstruction and neuronal cell remodeling, an activation of glial cells. It has been suggested that gliosis contributes to the impaired recovery of vision after reattachment surgery that may involve both formerly detached and nondetached retinal areas.(More)