Peter Wenner

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Chronic changes in the level of neuronal activity (over a period of days) trigger compensatory changes in synaptic function that seem to contribute to the homeostatic restoration of neuronal activity. Changes in both quantal amplitude and vesicle release contribute to homeostatic synaptic plasticity, but they are often considered as the same phenomenon. In(More)
Spontaneous network activity (SNA) has been described in most developing circuits, including the spinal cord, retina, and hippocampus. Despite the widespread nature of this developmental phenomenon, its role in network maturation is poorly understood. We reduced SNA in the intact embryo and found compensatory increases in synaptic strength of spinal(More)
The source of environmental cues determining the central connections of muscle sensory neurons was investigated by manipulating chick embryos so that sensory neurons supplied a duplicate set of dorsal thigh muscles. These neurons projected out ventral nerve pathways and along motor axons that normally project to ventral muscles but their ultimate target(More)
During early development, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) depolarizes and excites neurons, contrary to its typical function in the mature nervous system. As a result, developing networks are hyperexcitable and experience a spontaneous network activity that is important for several aspects of development. GABA is depolarizing because chloride is accumulated(More)
When neuronal activity is reduced over a period of days, compensatory changes in synaptic strength and/or cellular excitability are triggered, which are thought to act in a manner to homeostatically recover normal activity levels. The time course over which changes in homeostatic synaptic strength and cellular excitability occur are not clear. Although many(More)
In this review, we discuss the use of imaging to visualize the spatiotemporal organization of network activity in the developing spinal cord of the chick embryo and the neonatal mouse. We describe several different methods for loading ion- and voltage-sensitive dyes into spinal neurons and consider the advantages and limitations of each one. We review work(More)
DURING BRAIN DEVELOPMENT, THERE IS A PROGRESSIVE REDUCTION OF INTRACELLULAR CHLORIDE ASSOCIATED WITH A SHIFT IN GABA POLARITY: GABA depolarizes and occasionally excites immature neurons, subsequently hyperpolarizing them at later stages of development. This sequence, which has been observed in a wide range of animal species, brain structures and(More)
The acute-phase reactant rabbit serum amyloid A 3 (SAA3) was identified as the major difference product in Ag-induced arthritis in the rabbit, a model resembling in many aspects the clinical characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in humans. In Ag-induced arthritis, up-regulated SAA3 transcription in vivo was detected in cells infiltrating into the(More)
When activity levels are altered over days, a network of cells is capable of recognizing this perturbation and triggering several distinct compensatory changes that should help to recover and maintain the original activity levels homeostatically. One feature commonly observed after activity blockade has been a compensatory increase in excitatory quantal(More)
We have used calcium imaging to visualize the spatiotemporal organization of activity generated by in vitro spinal cord preparations of the developing chick embryo and the neonatal mouse. During each episode of spontaneous activity, we found that chick spinal neurons were activated rhythmically and synchronously throughout the transverse extent of the(More)