Peter Wenderoth

Learn More
Both the tilt illusion and aftereffect exhibit indirect effects under certain conditions: these are negative (assimilation) effects which occur with large (70-90 deg) angular separations between test and inducing gratings. They are opposite in direction to the positive, and much larger, contrast effects which occur at smaller (10-15 deg) separations.(More)
The question of how our brains and those of other animals code sensory information is of fundamental importance to neuroscience research. Visual illusions offer valuable insight into the mechanisms of perceptual coding. One such illusion, the tilt after-effect (TAE), has been studied extensively since the 1930s, yet a full explanation of the effect has(More)
It has been demonstrated that subjects do not report changes in color and direction of motion as being co-incidental when they occur synchronously. Instead, for the changes to be reported as being synchronous, changes in direction of motion must precede changes in color. To explain this observation, some researchers have suggested that the neural processing(More)
We investigated the effect of adaptation on orientation discrimination using two experienced observers, then replicated the main effects using a total of 50 naïve subjects. Orientation discrimination around vertical improved after adaptation to either horizontal or vertical gratings, but was impaired by adaptation at 7.5 or 15 degrees from vertical.(More)
Ferrera and Wilson [(1990) Vision Research, 30, 273-287] reported veridical perception of the direction of motion of Type I plaids, whose component gratings span the resultant direction, but marked misperception of the direction of motion of Type II plaids, whose component gratings both lie on one side of the resultant direction. Because they failed to find(More)
Four experiments in which logarithmic intervals between 25 and 1600 ms were used for stimulus duration in tests for the tilt illusion are reported. It is demonstrated that the direct and the indirect tilt illusions both increase in magnitude inversely with length of stimulus presentation. The data suggest that whereas the direct effect peaks with a value of(More)
It has long been accepted that amongst patterns which are bilaterally symmetrical, those which have their axis of symmetry vertical are more saliently symmetrical than patterns whose axis of symmetry is at some other orientation. The evidence regarding the relative salience of other orientations of axis of symmetry is somewhat more equivocal. In experiment(More)
When motion aftereffects (MAEs) are measured by adapting to a drifting plaid (simultaneous adaptation) or by adapting to the plaid's component gratings in alternation (alternating adaptation), it has been shown that the velocity and duration of the MAE are smaller in the latter case [Wenderoth, P., Bray, R. & Johnstone, S. (1988) Perception, 17, 81-91;(More)
During adaptation to a moving pattern, perceived speed decreases. Thus we know that the adapted visual system does not simply code the absolute speed of a stimulus. We hypothesised that adaptation to a moving stimulus serves to optimise coding of changes in speed at the expense of maintaining an accurate representation of absolute speed. In this case we(More)
Binocular rivalry occurs when the two eyes are presented with incompatible stimuli and the perceived image alternates between the two stimuli. The aim of this study was to find out whether the periodic perceptual loss of a monocular stimulus during binocular rivalry is mirrored by a comparable loss of contrast sensitivity. We presented brief test stimuli to(More)