Peter Watkins

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This study reports an optimized headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) method for the determination of methoxypyrazines in wine. Analysis was performed by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with novel detection capabilities, including nitrogen phosphorus detection (GC x GC-NPD) and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC x(More)
Numerous in vitro studies using solvent or aqueous extracts of raw dietary plant material have demonstrated modulation of colon cancer cell growth and apoptosis and effects on immune and nonimmune pathways of inflammation. We have developed a generic, 3-staged food-compatible process involving heating for conversion of dietary plants into food ingredients(More)
Acriflavine-treated cells of C. albicans plated on a medium containing glucose as the principal carbon source gave rise to numerous colonies, most of which grew when replica-plated onto a similar medium containing sodium acetate substituted for glucose. Of the small fraction of colonies from the glucose medium which failed to replicate, some were found to(More)
A simple and rapid method based on solid phase extraction and gas chromatography has been developed for the determination of monoacylglycerols (MAG) and diacylglycerols (DAG) at low-concentration levels typically found in milk and dairy ingredients. The method enabled measurement of individual milk MAG (including isomeric forms) with the exception of(More)
A species of Micromonospora, Micromonospora floridensis NRRL 8020, has been found to produce an actinomycin complex consisting of at least 25 active components. After solvent extraction of the complex, separation of the individual components was carried out by preparative thin-layer chromatography. Hydrolysis and subsequent electrophoretic and(More)
A novel and portable gas chromatograph (GC, zNosetrade mark) has been evaluated for the measurement in grape berries of selected six-carbon compounds; namely, hexanal, cis-2-hexen-1-ol, cis-3-hexen-1-ol and trans-2-hexenal. The zNosetrade mark is a handheld GC which uses purge and trap for concentration, and has a surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor as a(More)
International dietary guidelines advocate replacement of saturated and trans fat in food with unsaturated oils. Also, there is growing interest in incorporating highly unsaturated omega-3 oils in to food products due to beneficial health effects. A major obstacle to incorporating highly unsaturated oils in to food products is the extreme susceptibility to(More)
Non-linear equations can be used to model the measured potential of ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) as a function of time. This can be done by using non-linear least squares regression to fit parameters of non-linear equations to an ISE response curve. In iterative non-linear least squares regression (which can be considered as local optimisers), the(More)