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INTRODUCTION Accidental occupational exposure of healthcare workers to blood and body fluids after skin injury or mucous membrane contact constitutes a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens. Such pathogens include Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV). We conducted a study to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Dental caries is a common disease in children which causes pain with resultant effect on various physiological and social functions. The main objective of the study was to determine the association between dental caries and oral health knowledge and practice among children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts. METHODS A cross-sectional(More)
Objective To describe the prevalence of tungiasis (jigger flea infestation) and associated risk factors in a sentinel group (children 5-12 years of age) in rural Central Kenya. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out in Murang'a South district during high transmission season (dry season, August – September 2009). A total of 385 randomly selected(More)
BACKGROUND In Kenya, about 3000 fistula cases are estimated to occur every year with an incidence of 1/1000 women. This study sought to identify risk factors associated with developing obstetrics fistula in order to guide implementation of appropriate interventions. METHODS An unmatched case control study was conducted in three major hospitals in Kenya(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis is a highly contagious disease accounting for a high number of deaths in the developing countries; its control can be effectively achieved if individuals with the disease receive adequate and timely treatment. The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with late presentation of suspects to tuberculosis(More)
The identification of suited early detection tests is one among the multiple requirements to reduce cervical cancer incidence in developing countries. We evaluated p16INK4a/Ki-67 dual-stain cytology in a screening population in Thika district, Kenya and compared it to high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) DNA testing and visual inspection by acetic acid(More)
INTRODUCTION Several high profile events of the last decade have served as catalysts for the now widely available prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV services. However, Kenya continues to face challenges in assuring that all women in need of PMTCT services receive the full package. METHODS A cross sectional survey was undertaken. Systematic(More)
INTRODUCTION A prospective quasi experimental study was undertaken at the Thika level 5 hospital. The study aimed to compare the costs of managing femoral shaft fracture by surgery as compared to skeletal traction. METHODS Sixty nine (46.6%) patients were enrolled in group A and managed surgically by intramedullary nailing while 79 (53.4%) patients were(More)
This retracts article Dental caries and oral health practices among 12 year old children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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