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Museums and other natural history collections (NHC) worldwide house millions of specimens. With the advent of molecular genetic approaches these collections have become the source of many fascinating population studies in conservation genetics that contrast historical with present-day genetic diversity. Recent developments in molecular genetics and genomics(More)
Introgression can be an important evolutionary force but it can also lead to species extinction and as such is a crucial issue for species conservation. However, introgression is difficult to detect, morphologically as well as genetically. Hybridization with domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) is a major concern for the conservation of European wildcats(More)
Nineteen di- and tetranucleotide and one trinucleotide microsatellite DNA markers were isolated from the Galápagos mockingbird (Mimus parvulus) and tested for cross-species amplification in the other three mockingbird species in the Galápagos. In addition, primers for two microsatellite loci previously developed for Mimus polyglottos were redesigned to(More)
This article documents the addition of 238 microsatellite marker loci to the Molecular Ecology Resources Database. Loci were developed for the following species: Alytes dickhilleni, Arapaima gigas, Austropotamobius italicus, Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, Cobitis lutheri, Dendroctonus ponderosae, Glossina morsitans morsitans, Haplophilus subterraneus,(More)
Tracing maternal and paternal lineages independently to explore breeding systems and dispersal strategies in natural populations has been high on the wish-list of evolutionary biologists. As males are the heterogametic sex in mammals, such sex-specific patterns can be indirectly observed when Y chromosome polymorphism is combined with mitochondrial sequence(More)
Genotyping non-invasively collected samples is challenging. Nevertheless, genetic monitoring of elusive species like the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) mainly relies on such samples. Wildcats are likely threatened through introgression with domestic cats (F. silvestris catus). To determine introgression based on single cat hairs, we(More)
Introgression is an important evolutionary force, which can lead to adaptation and speciation on one hand, but on the other hand also to genetic extinction. It is in the latter sense that introgression is a major conservation concern, especially when domestic species reproduce with their rare wild relatives. Hence, monitoring introgression in natural(More)
A total of 14 dinucleotide microsatellite loci were characterized in the snow vole (Chionomys nivalis). Allelic polymorphism across all loci and 28 individuals representing a single population in the Swiss Alps was high (mean = 10.1 alleles). No significant linkage disequilibrium between pairs of loci and no departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were(More)
Comparing Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial haplotype variation is a promising approach to independently investigate paternal and maternal evolutionary histories in wild mammal populations. However, the difficulty of developing male-specific genetic markers, because of its distinctive genetic architecture and the general low level of polymorphisms observed on(More)
In natural populations, quantitative trait dynamics often do not appear to follow evolutionary predictions. Despite abundant examples of natural selection acting on heritable traits, conclusive evidence for contemporary adaptive evolution remains rare for wild vertebrate populations, and phenotypic stasis seems to be the norm. This so-called "stasis(More)