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Museums and other natural history collections (NHC) worldwide house millions of specimens. With the advent of molecular genetic approaches these collections have become the source of many fascinating population studies in conservation genetics that contrast historical with present-day genetic diversity. Recent developments in molecular genetics and genomics(More)
Genotyping non-invasively collected samples is challenging. Nevertheless, genetic monitoring of elusive species like the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) mainly relies on such samples. Wildcats are likely threatened through introgression with domestic cats (F. silvestris catus). To determine introgression based on single cat hairs, we(More)
Introgression is an important evolutionary force, which can lead to adaptation and speciation on one hand, but on the other hand also to genetic extinction. It is in the latter sense that introgression is a major conservation concern, especially when domestic species reproduce with their rare wild relatives. Hence, monitoring introgression in natural(More)
Despite being heritable and under selection, traits often do not appear to evolve as predicted 1 by evolutionary theory. Indeed, conclusive evidence for contemporary adaptive evolution re-2 mains elusive in wild vertebrate populations, and stasis seems to be the norm. Here we show 3 that a wild rodent population has evolved to become lighter, but that both(More)
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